Resume

Resume is a cruical part in determining whether a candidate can get a job interview or not. We offer critical articles and useful tips for resume writing, as well as guidance on formatting.
  • Basic Resume Tips

    There are as many opinions on the subject of resumes as there are job seekers! Some of the more popular opinions are centered on the use of objectives, summaries, profiles, title headings. Also there are different ideas for using keywords, reference statements, personal interests, salary history, dates, graphics, fonts, and of course, the length of the resume. Then there is the question of format. Should the style of a resume be chronological, functional or combination? One thing is certain – the resume should sell a candidate’s strengths and qualifications, and answer a hiring manager’s question, “How can you solve my problem?” It should also have full contact information, be organized, and provide specific information that a hiring manager needs to decide whether or not a candidate is well suited for a position. At the very least, it should list relevant experience and achievements. ## PURPOSE OF A RESUME A resume is a personal marketing document that communicates your career objective and value to a hiring company. A strong resume is carefully planned and developed (not quickly typed up) in an appropriate format (style) designed to showcase your experience and accomplishments in direct relation to a specific position. ## BASIC RESUME WRITING TIPs – FORMATTING RULES - Bold and enlarge your name at the top. - Keep the sections lined up and consistent. - Use an Arial or Times New Roman font (or similar). - Font size shouldn’t be smaller than 11pt or larger than 12pt, except for your Name and Headings. - Do not include pronouns such as “I,” company street addresses, salary, or reasons for leaving. - Two-page resume: be sure to fill the second page at least halfway down the page. - Place “Continued” at the bottom of page one, and your name and “Page 2” at the top of page two. - Use graphics sparingly unless you are in a creative field. It is safe to use a border and shading. - Leave out personal data, photos, and unrelated hobbies, unless you are an actor/actress or model. - If you spell out the state in your address, such as New York, spell out the states for your jobs. - Proof, proof, and proof again! To help you understand the main differences between various resume styles, the following illustrates the same resume in chronological, functional, and combination formats. Also provided below is a comprehensive list of common mistakes to avoid and useful tips to help your resume to compete in today’s competitive workplace: ## CHRONOLOGICAL This is the most commonly used resume format. It is straightforward, and easily traces a candidate’s career path and progression in a given field. Experience and accomplishments are listed in reverse chronological order, with the most recent job positioned first. Because it leaves little to the imagination and makes it difficult to hide employment gaps, the chronological resume is the most preferred format of employers and recruiters. Chronological Format Example: ## PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Wireless, Inc., Brooklyn, NY 1998 – Present Sales Representative - Prospected and sold communications services to business accounts spanning the Northeast and Midwest regions. - Consulted clients on the cost-effective advantages of switching over from standing services, resulting in a 15% new market penetration with revenues at $1,850 at close of 2000. Anderson Doors, Bronx, NY 1993 – 1998 Business Development Manager - Conducted competitive analyses on European markets to formulate conceptual strategies that cemented key alliances with distributors throughout Italy and Germany. - Aggressively marketed Anderson’s company logo and message in print and television advertising campaigns, heightening brand awareness across U.S. and European consumer markets. ## FUNCTIONAL This is a skills-based, achievement-oriented format. Experience and accomplishments are listed in sections with specific headings that extract and showcase ONLY what is directly applicable to the targeted position. Because it is somewhat vague sometimes omits dates, it is the least preferred resume format of employers and recruiters. Functional Format Example: PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Sales Management - Prospected and sold communications services to business accounts spanning the Northeast and Midwest regions. - Conducted competitive analyses on European markets to formulate conceptual strategies that cemented key alliances with distributors throughout Italy and Germany. Market Penetration - Consulted clients on the cost-effective advantages of switching over from standing services, resulting in a 15% new market penetration with revenues at $1,850 at close of 2000. - Aggressively marketed Anderson’s company logo and message in print and television advertising campaigns, heightening brand awareness across U.S. and European consumer markets. ## COMBINATION This format combines the chronological and functional formats into one! As with the functional format, it lists experience and accomplishments in sections with specific headings directly applicable to the targeted position. However, it lists employment information under a SEPARATE category (only title, company, location, and dates). Since it easily tells the reader how a candidate is qualified for a position while also providing an employment history, it has fast become a favorite resume format amongst many employers and recruiters. Combination Format Example: PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Sales Management - Prospected and sold communications services to business accounts spanning Northeast and Midwest regions. - Conducted competitive analyses on European markets to formulate conceptual strategies that cemented key alliances with distributors throughout Italy and Germany. Market Penetration - Consulted clients on the cost-effective advantages of switching over from standing services, resulting in a 15% new market penetration with revenues at $1,850 at close of 2000. - Aggressively marketed Anderson’s company logo and message in print and television advertising campaigns, heightening brand awareness across U.S. and European consumer markets. WORK HISTORY Wireless, Inc., Bay Shore, NY 1998 – Present Sales Representative Anderson Doors, East Islip, NY 1993 – 1998 Business Development Manager ## INTRODUCTION HEADINGS PROFILE STATEMENTS KEYWORDS TITLE HEADINGS SUMMARY OF QUALIFICATIONS Use any one or a combination of these headings to communicate the type of position you are applying for, and the value you will bring to the hiring company at a glance. Remember, a reader spends a brief moment on each resume. Your resume must grab their attention, and hold it! SAMPLE PROFILE STATEMENT Accomplished sales professional known for delivering strong revenue and profit gains in highly competitive markets, seeking a Regional Sales Manager position. Bring 15 years of solid experience and select strengths that encompasses sales territory management and key account development. Equally effective at relationship building, program development, and team leadership. Notice that the actual title “Objective” was omitted, yet mentioned! If you prefer to use the actual “Objective” title, do not use the outdated colon after the category. ## SAMPLE PROFILE STATEMENT/KEYWORDS Accomplished sales professional known for delivering strong profit gains in highly competitive markets, seeking a Regional Sales Manager position. Strengths encompass: Capital Sales & Marketing | Team Building/Leadership Key Account Development | Client/Vendor Relations Financial Analysis & Reporting | Program Development ## SAMPLE TITLE HEADING/PROFILE STATEMENT REGIONAL SALES MANAGER Known for delivering strong and sustainable revenue and profit gains in highly competitive markets. Bring 15 years of solid experience and select strengths that encompasses sales territory management, key account development, staff training, team leadership, presentations, and closings. (Bold, italicize, or underline the Title Heading so it stands out.) ## SAMPLE SUMMARY OF QUALIFICATIONS Accomplished sales professional known for delivering strong and sustainable revenue and profit gains in highly competitive markets. Seeking a Regional Sales Manager position with a leading pharmaceutical company. Select strengths encompass: - 15 years of cross-industry experience and accomplishments with leading start-up and high-growth bio-medical companies. - Strategically build and maintain profitable business relationships. - Strong communicator and team leader with a pulse on ever-changing industry trends. - Effectively manage the sales cycle process from client consultation to closing. ## RESUME WRITING TIPS – COMMON MISTAKES, DO’S & DON’TS - Name and/or address is too small / too big (headings and name should be at least font size 14 to 16; address 11 or 12) - Font size for entire resume is too small / too big / all caps (not counting the headings, text should be no smaller than 11; no larger than 12) - Needs an Objective or Title Heading (make it clear to the reader what position you are seeking. If you unsure, consider career counseling or purchase/rent a book on career choices) - Could use a Summary or Profile statement (show your career overview) - Objective is weak, cliché, unclear, or vague (State what you can do for the employer; not only what you want from them) - Resume does not support Objective (be sure to make a connection) - Lacks accomplishments / career achievements (sell it, don’t tell it!) - Lacks industry-specific terminology / Keywords (“speak” the reader’s language) - Jobs are not in the proper order-see below for more on resume tips and formats - Sentences are too choppy-five words per bullet (expand; make it interesting) - Wording is weak; statements are too simple (use action verbs and a thesaurus) - Same information repeated too many times (use a functional/combination format) - Too many typos and grammatical errors (read it backwards; have a friend proof-read it!) - Unrelated jobs go back too far in years (keep it to 7-10 years in most cases) - Includes too much unrelated information (stay on track; keep the position in mind) - Does not include enough related information (show how well rounded you are) - Uses pronouns – “I, He, She, His, Her” (not necessary or is understood) - Style is outdated looking (headings are underlined and followed by colons “:”, the word “duties” is used, and uses “responsibilities:” as subheadings) - Second page is too short – only a third down or less (condense/combine) - Second page does not include your name (what if the second page is misplaced?) - Too much or not enough white space (looks empty, inexperienced) - Uses the full address for employers (list only the town and state) - Uses full employment dates such as 12/11/01 (list only the month and year) - Lists reason for leaving or explains situation (if you must, save it for the letter) - Includes a Professional References Available Upon Request statement at the bottom of the resume (not wrong, but not necessary. Remember, this is not an option. If the employer wants references, they will ask for them) - Includes a cover letter / salary information on the resume (use separate sheets) - Includes unrelated personal interests and hobbies such as “enjoy reading, long walks, music, travel, knitting, and puzzles” (include interests ONLY if it is related to your career Objective) - Includes personal information such as married, homeowner, two children (Leave off. It is unrelated to the position, and risks possible discrimination)
  • Easy Resume Writing Help: Free Advice from Professionals! 70 Tips

    Creating a well-written, readable and attractive resume can often be very challenging. They should be made to make you look good and leave the best impression possible. It is the best opportunity to secure an interview for the desired job. How many times did you sit down to write your own biography, not knowing where to start, what to include or avoid in order to make it look professional? Have you ever thought about how it would affect the reader’s opinion of you? But the job is not simple. Best resumes have no more than three pages mostly filled with boring information about work stuff. But will It be interesting enough for your readers? In order to make your resume stand out from the rest, you must beat the algorithm with original and innovative ideas, convincing employers that you’re the one they need. Here we offer you more than 70 helpful tips for writing your biography like a professional, from the professionals! **TIPS** **1. Choose the right font for your resume**. Better stick with basic ones that look serious and professional – the ones that you would expect to see from others. Fonts that are recommended: Arial, Verdana, Helvetica. The ones we don’t recommend are Comic Sans, Papyrus and any other childish or hard to read font. **2. Choose the right font size**. This depends mostly on the chosen font. However, it’s recommended to use font size around 10-12 points to make it easier for reading. **3. Make your content readable**. This includes aligning all content to the left and leaving some space on the right side for basic info such as contact information, list of skills, short education list and similar. That way the reader will need less time to scan the resume for keywords and important info. **4. Use symmetry**. Put your lists in a few columns where each column has around 5 skills. Another great idea is putting the list in the center and separating skills with minimalistic symbols. **5. Don’t forget margins**. Texts that take the whole page from edge to edge, without any blank space will definitely look messy and hard to read. To avoid looking unprofessional add margins on all sides. A bare minimum for side margins is around 0.75”, 0.5” for top and bottom ones. **6. Make an outstanding headline**. Some experts call it a It’s usually used for introducing yourself to the reader, so it needs to be attractive and includes useful info so they know clearly what you offer them. It can be compared with a newspaper headline as well. According to Nelly Grinfeld, nationally certified resume writer, employers spend around 10 seconds glancing at each resume at first. Make sure to grab their attention with something they won’t expect to see. **7. The headline should include a career summary and some of your strongest qualifications**. It’s best to only write key points of your skills and education level (for example years of experience working, studying, etc). **8. Keep the headline short and concise**. To make sure your headline isn’t too large to draw attention or gives too much information and misguides, write it in only three rows. **9. Change your headline style**. You must agree that sentences in basic font and black color that is so much alike with the rest of the text are boring. Use bold letters and different colors or designs to enhance the headline, but don’t go too far. You want your resume to be taken seriously. Too much contrast can also distract readers from the key point. **10. Make a sub-headline if there is a space under the main one**. This way you have more space to add keywords and more important info about your skills, especially if there wasn’t enough room in the main headline. There is always something to add. **11. Customize the headline to suit the job you’re applying for**. It’s a good sign for employers when they see keywords that show skills they’re looking for or work experience in the same area of expertise. You want to show them you have what they need. **12. In case of applying for different positions**, include keywords for both. Add enough information focused on every job you’re applying equally. There are high chances of at least one of the readers will find what he was looking for. **13. Don’t forget the contact information**. Turns out – many people leave their strong resumes without proper contact information. **14. Add the right information**. Some of the important contact information is a name, address, email, phone number, link to a LinkedIn profile if you have one. It might seem obvious at first, but many people still forget to add some of the necessary information. **15. Include your physical home address**. Many professional resumes include the home address. It helps the employer determine whether you’re close to the future workplace or you would have to move closer. However, some people avoid this part to protect their own privacy. **16. Include your phone number**. This type of contact is more personal than email messaging because employers have a chance to hear your voice, voice tone, speaking skills, etc. Also, take care of your voicemail; make it sound professional. **17. Include your email**. Don’t leave your personal email address used for chatting with friends or reading the daily news. Create a new one for professional use only, with simply your full name in the address. **18. Add URL of your professional website, blog, social media or any web address relevant to your profile that could help you get recognized**. This usually includes LinkedIn, Twitter, Pinterest, Instagram, and others. **19. Exclude some personal information such as birth date, religion, marital status and similar**. They are not necessary. You have a right not to give this information or respond to related questions on the application. **20. Plan the framework of the resume**. Choose conciseness over length since long resumes aren’t always a better option. Employers won’t look for everything you have ever done in the past. **21. Determine the right resume length**. Different job positions and employers require different resume lengths. Research and see whether your dream job requires a concise one-page resume or three pages of text with lots of details. Although this task can be a little tricky, there are some basic rules to follow. If there are more than five jobs or 15 years of work experience in your history, limit yourself to these numbers. **22. Write only the crucial previous work experience in order to save some space for the more important stuff**. Experts even recommend using bullet points to shorten the biography and make it less boring. **23. Choose the right words**. We all want our first impression to be good, and our resumes are the first things that employers will see. Make it count. Try replacing some basic words we use in everyday conversation with the ones people use in the business world. For example, replace “did, made, went” with “managed, achieved, participated”. **24. Double-check the spelling**. It is easy to fix but still many people don’t take a minute to check the grammar and spelling. Even automated programs can take care of these mistakes now. Better spare a few hours fixing what you’ve written wrong than getting rejected for sounding uneducated. **25. Determine your career objectives**. Think of what you want to achieve. Once you define your career objective, you’ll be able to write the biography without leaving any vital information behind. **26. Write a career goal in the right place**. An objective section is not a good place to start, instead, make sure to put your goals into a career summary. **27. However, the career summary is not always necessary**. “While a summary could clarify your goal or objective, I don’t think it is a necessary part of one’s resume. Recruiters review candidates’ information every day and look for certain skills and experiences found in the body of a resume. Save the extra space for accomplishments, goals achieved, awards and unique skills relevant to the job”, Bob Hancock, senior manager of global talent acquisition at Electronic Arts, claims. If you still decide to write one, here’s how you can do it. **28. In resume objectives, describe your contribution and benefits that you would bring as a worker**. People don’t want to hear about how you would benefit from the position you’re applying for. Avoid objectives that only explain what you’re seeking. **29. Make reasonable and clear requests**. “Looking for challenging position” doesn’t explain much what you’re really asking for. Also, stay away from demanding statements as you may drive off potential employers. **30. Make the objective short and clear**. Managers will have less work and be more patient if they don’t have to spend the whole eternity reading this part of the resume. Keep your objective concise by adding only one target or desired job title. **31. For every career, the goal creates a new version of the resume.** **32. Research and learn job titles**. A very important step is to learn the names of job titles that managers in your area use. “First, conduct a search for jobs that interest you,” said Ginger Korljan, nationally certified resume writer, certified career management coach, and principal of taking Charge Coaching in Phoenix, “Whatever title you choose, the remainder of your resume should demonstrate why you are qualified for that position.” **33. Keep the resume readable**. Instead of using only bullets for outlining work history or write it in a narrative style, better make a combination of bullets and paragraphs. You could make a paragraph for every employer, explaining your responsibilities. After each, add a bulleted list of your best contributions. The list will point out your top accomplishments so the reader doesn’t have to look for them in the text. **34. Focus more on skills, not jobs you want to apply for**. This is quite tricky for everyone but is certainly manageable. Take a look at the skills you need for the job you like. Create a resume that focuses on these skills (in case you have them) more than your previous experience in the same field. **35. Add the experience from freelance and volunteer work as well**. If you lack work experience in a specific field you would like to work at, you can add experience from similar volunteer work. **36. Put details in employment history**. Add employers’ names and their companies, job titles, years of work, dates, accomplishments and contributions, awards for each position. **37. Remember that degree sometimes doesn’t matter**. Many people apply for jobs in different fields from the previous ones they worked in. Most of them don’t even have a degree related to the applied job position. And although it proves that you have a good knowledge base for the job, employers will appreciate more skills and experience related to it. **38. Experience is before education if you have a long experience in fields related to the one you seek a job from**. Your accomplishments and contributions say what you can do, while degree only says what you’re supposed to be able to do. It’s more likely that managers will appreciate the first one more. 39. Education is before experience if: you don’t have enough work experience, you just decided to change a career, you graduated recently, you seek a job in the academic and scientific area. These are the cases where education beats experience and should be placed at the top of the resume. **40. Education is the center of a student’s resume**. Since many students have very little or no work experience at all, it’s suggested to focus on the education including academic achievements, contributions to the school, additional and volunteer activities, projects, courses, etc. **41. You can also list a course or degree that is incomplete.** **42. Students can add the expected degree date**. Managers will also like to see their progress during their studies or course. **43. List all your degrees (if you have multiple), starting from the most recent one**. The rule is to write the latest degree or course taken at the top and then list the rest of them the same way. **44. Add high school information.** Both those with a college degree and without it could add information about the high school they’ve finished. It’s not necessary if you have a degree, otherwise, you’ll need to include it. **45. List all related courses in the education section if you don’t have a degree.** Every seminar, course, and training is useful if there is nothing else to write In the education area of the resume. **46. Skip the education section if you have no education at all.** Focus on all your skills that could be useful to the potential manager. **47. In case you have a good GPA (it means higher than 3,5), you should add it to your education section as well.** **48. The experience section shouldn’t seem like job descriptions.** Forget about copying job descriptions you like and placing it in your resume. It makes the biography look boring and gives no information about your abilities and your real job performance. **49. Expose details.** By adding details, sentences will sound more powerful and more attractive to the employee. In case you don’t know how to ask yourself these questions: What problems I solved? How did I complete the task better than the others? How did the company or organization benefit from my work? **50. Show how valuable you are.** Employers will look for every detail you missed, every mistake you’ve made previously, a negative experience or bad habits. Make sure you represent yourself as a productive, cooperating and optimistic worker who’s ready to give his best in any task. If you were an employer reading your resume, would you give that person a chance? **51. Make your results measurable.** Use numbers and percentages. You can’t add a skill you don’t have, but you can make yours sound much more worthy by quantifying. For example, if you significantly increased sales this year, you could write that sales increased by 30% since you were hired. The number will draw attention and show the value of your work and effort. **52. Include no more than 15 skills.** A list of your top 10 strongest skills is far more effective than 3 pages list of every single skill you could think of at the moment. **53. Find the right place for a skills section.** The best option is right after the career summary, but it depends on your resume design. Find a place that will have the effect you want, there is no rule. **54. Gather similar skills together.** For example, if you speak several languages, you can write these abilities in a separate paragraph, while in others you brag about your computer and programming skills. **55. In case of changing career, write down skills you can transfer from the previous field to the future one (working in specific programs, typing, communicating, file organization, researching, etc).** **56. Include hard skills.** “Hard skills are required to perform the functions of the job and are acquired through experience and/or education,” said Jane Roqueplot, certified professional behavior analyst and owner of JaneCo’s Sensible Solutions, a career advancement firm in Pennsylvania. **57. Include soft skills**. On the other hand, soft skills are your characteristics that describe your personality and work style. These also include emotional intelligence and strength, behavior, communication with others, etc. **58. Don’t lie about work experience and skills.** If you don’t have enough work experience, focus on education and other job-related skills. **59. Add a competency level for all skills in your biography.** Beginner skills: You’re familiar with the skill and know basics. Intermediate: Better knowledge than the beginner, there is more to learn to reach the expert level. Expert: the Highest level of knowledge, no improvement needed. **60. Offer something original and unique.** “Your resume should definitely show that you have the required skills, education, and experience to perform the job successfully,” says Sherri Thomas, author of Career Smart: Five Steps to a Powerful Personal Brand a career-coaching firm in Chandler, Arizona, “But you can build a stronger personal brand by including additional information that shows something special about you that your competitors do not offer.” **61. Choose the right information.** Sometimes it’s hard to determine whether additional info is really needed or it just takes too much space which could get better use. You can’t add absolutely everything you know, everything you’re good at, every talent, every accomplishment. Choose according to your desired job. **62. Include previous awards.** Show that other organizations and companies valued your work and efforts. If it mattered to them, it must be important for the future company as well. Every formal recognition is a good sign that you’re a respected worker worth the position. **63. Add testimonials as well.** “Testimonials add credibility and validate the accomplishments, personal traits, and areas of expertise highlighted in the resume,” says Judy Friedler, NCRW, principal of resume-writing firm CareerPro International. This can contain excerpts from performance appraisals, snippets from reference letters, maybe even emails that compliment your performance and productivity at work. **64. Check your resume: First impression.** Is the resume unique and original? Does it look like it’s made on a template? Are sections separated well and easy to read? Is there enough blank space? Is it a design professional? Is career summary well written for readers who want to know your value propositions straight away? What is the resume’s length and does it follows your level of experience or education? **65. Check your resume: Appearance.** Is the resume visually pleasant and draws attention from others? Did you choose the right font and font size for the job you’re applying for? Do you have useful design parts that serve as a guide through the text? Did you highlight the key content? Are margins large enough? Are there too many pages? Is the font changing rapidly? **66. Check your resume: Sections.** Are your resume sections clearly separated and each of them labeled? Are these sections in the right order? Did you highlight your strongest side (education or work experience)? Have you written your work history in reverse chronological order as it should be? **67. Check your resume: Career goal.** Did you determine your main career goal? Is your resume a “one size fits all” type of biography? Is your career goal relevant to the job you’re applying to? **68. Check your resume: Writing style.** Have you written the whole biography in a first-person voice, with pronouns such as ME, I, MY? Is there a logical order and simple flow in the resume? Are there any grammar mistakes, typos, and similar errors? **69. Check your resume: Accomplishments.** Do you have a good list of all important career accomplishments? Have you quantified accomplishments by using percentages and numbers? Have you used strong action verbs in your statements? **70. Check your resume: Relevance.** How relevant is your biography with the job position’s needs? Did you offer what the employers were looking for? Are there enough relevant keywords, acronyms, and skills? Have you excluded unimportant personal info such as nationality and religion? **71. The resume must prove that you’ve made something, solved issues and been productive in the past.** It needs to show how we contributed to the workplace and made an impact. On the other hand, it has to be realistic and real. The reader must believe that you’ve done things on your own. So, instead of taking credit for every job in the past, we should give it to someone else and prove the ability for collaboration and teamwork skills. Managers need people who will work with others and share tasks with their teams.
  • How to Avoid the 10 Most Common Entry Level Resume Mistakes

    After all the hard work you put into crafting, shaping, and editing your entry level resume, don't let one preventable mistake stand in the way of your success. At the entry level, most applicants have held few — if any — professional positions. They've also never applied for a job using a formal resume and multi-stage interview process. So if you're like most entry level candidates, this experience will be a first for you. Here are 10 common resume mistakes that inexperienced job seekers often make. If you can catch some of these and correct them before you submit, you'll put yourself ahead of the pack. **Skipping non-work experience** Don't omit a skill, talent, or relevant experience just because you gained that skill outside of the classroom or outside the halls of a professional full-time job. List and describe all strengths suited for the job, even the ones you acquired through internships, clubs, summer jobs, or any other aspect of your life. Just make sure that you only include information that is applicable to the job. **Skipping customization** If you submit 10 resumes a day, then you're likely to use a template document that you customize slightly for each position you pursue. There's nothing wrong with this move (it can be a real time saver), but don't fumble the customization process. Spend a few minutes making sure each individual submission is perfectly tailored to the needs and interests of your recipient. **No specifics** Add numbers to your accomplishments. If you raised revenues for your past employer, offer a dollar amount or a percentage. If you led a team, state how many people were on that team. If you held a leadership role, state the time period in years or months. Hiring managers don't expect to see this in an entry level resume, so they will be impressed by you. **Skipping keywords** Be sure to add at least two or three keywords that your reviewers are likely to use as search terms. This will help your resume find its way out of a database and into the hands of a human reader. **Focus on accomplishments, not basic duties** Don't spend too much time describing your basic responsibilities in previous roles; emphasize how you went above and beyond. Hiring managers can probably guess what you did at various jobs, so offering basic information won't entice them to call you. **Too short or too long** Your sweet spot is this: exactly one page. If your entry level resume falls under one page, you may be missing opportunities to shine. If it goes on longer than one page, your details may not be noticed or remembered. **Using personal pronouns** Drop the subject from your sentences and phrases whenever the subject is yourself. It's okay (and necessary) to bend this standard grammar rule in a resume document. **A vague objective statement** Keep the opening lines of your resume summary statement clear, concise, and concrete. Focus on what you can do and what you have to offer, not just what you want. Sell yourself. Also, try to avoid overused phrases such as "team player" and "go-getter." **Rambling and clutter** Every line of your document should relate directly to the task at hand. Take out all information that isn't relevant to this particular job. Keep the job description handy as you edit your entry level resume. It will help you cut out unnecessary information. **Skipping personal details** Never share your age, ethnicity, gender, marital status, or other vital statistics on your resume. But DO provide at least two or three of your personal passions and hobbies outside of the workplace. Clubs and organizations are great additions. Let your employers get a sense of your interests so they can decide how well you align with their culture.
  • The Perfect Resume Example: Recent Postgraduates

    Obtaining a graduate degree gives you an edge that many other job applicants do not have, but you need a strong resume to give yourself proper credit for all you have accomplished. This perfect resume example provides crucial tips for writing a resume that will stand out to employers. **Perfect Resume Example** Angela Smith, 423-567-9123. asmith40@gmail.com. **Summary Statement:** Certified social worker with strong foundation in substance abuse rehabilitation counseling. Committed to fostering positive changes in the lives of people struggling with addiction. Desire to use knowledge of the origins and mechanisms of addiction to develop more effective treatment solutions. **Education:** Master of Social Work. 2016. Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD. **Major Project Topic:** Risk Factors and Outcomes of Addiction in Rural Areas. • Comprehensive investigation of personal and medical histories of substance abuse patients in two rural Maryland counties. • Using personal interviews, obtained personal and medical histories of twenty substance abuse patients in two rural Maryland county treatment facilities. • Developed theories of origins of addiction in rural areas and proposed solutions for combating risk factors native to these areas. Bachelor of Social Work. 2014. Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD. Graduated with honors. **Experience:** Percival Rehabilitation Facility, Salisbury, MD. 2015-2016. Rehabilitation Counselor. • Contributing care provider at a multidimensional treatment facility for people with heroin addictions. • Developed care plans adhering to cognitive-behavioral therapy model. • Provided clients with ongoing feedback to encourage continued commitment to treatment. • Facilitated group therapy sessions to build social safety nets among residents. Florence Treatment Center, Salisbury, MD. 2014-2016. Assistant Rehabilitation Coordinator. • Supervised preliminary steps at harm reduction treatment center. • Explained facility procedures and expectations to applicants. • Conducted patient intake interviews to screen for qualified applicants. • Administered and collected harm reduction materials. • Responded to client questions and concerns. **Skills:** • Diffusing tense situations with calm demeanor • Developing rapport with clients • Diagnosing clients using DSM-V • Writing comprehensive case reports • Formulating action plans using client input • Proposing alternatives when initial treatment approaches are unsuccessful **What to Notice in a Perfect Resume Example: Recent Postgraduates** The perfect resume example begins with a summary statement that outlines the author's strengths, accomplishments, and professional goals. Angela states that she has recently graduated from a master's degree program and clearly explains the professional direction in which she would like to take her training. She also outlines her major project, the nature of which ties into the professional goals she alluded to in her summary statement. She does not go into great detail about her individual courses in either her graduate or undergraduate programs. Graduate programs often blend coursework with professional positions, so she will be able to focus on her experience in the remaining sections. As a social worker, Angela will rely heavily upon interpersonal and communication skills. She offers examples of having these in both the experience section and the skills section of the perfect resume example. However, she also mentions that she is trained in critical procedures such as client diagnosis and therapy planning. By mentioning both her hard and soft skills, she demonstrates that she is capable of meeting the job requirements through a variety of avenues. **Perfect Resume Example: At a Glance** • Rather than detailing your coursework, focus on work positions you held as part of earning your degree, as well as projects you completed within those positions. • As long as they are relevant to your profession, you should include both hard and soft skills. • Use your summary statement to demonstrate how you intend to use your experiences to meet your professional goals. • Be sure to mention any training or certifications that qualify you to work in your field.
  • Six Resume Mistakes that Could Cost You an Interview

    Despite best intentions and a strong effort to keep an open mind, most managers draw drastic conclusions about your abilities, your workplace behaviors and your skills when they come across a glaring resume mistake. It may not seem fair, but this is just an unavoidable aspect of the job search process. So don't let your resume slip through the cracks. Watch out for these easily correctable common slip-ups. 1. Redundancies Don't say the same thing twice in a row…or multiple times throughout your document. Once you've stated a credential or skill, save the rest of the space on the page for additional skills or new information. You only have a certain amount of resume real estate, and you should take advantage of every inch of it to emphasize your diverse know-how and experience. Not to mention, nothing makes readers glaze over faster than an apparent fixation with one aspect of your profile. ("Okay, okay, you know HTML. We get it.") 2. Excessive modifiers. Adding modifiers like 'successful' to your claims can slow down your message, as in: "Completed a successful reorganization of the company invoicing structure." Adding additional modifiers and adverbs to those modifiers can make things even worse: "Efficiently completed a highly successful reorganization of the company invoicing structure". Instead, remove these dead-weight words. Better yet, remove every modifier and rather add a quantifiable element to your claim. As in: "Reorganized the company invoicing structure, resulting in the recovery of over $30,000." 3. Standard or expected claims. Calling yourself a 'team player' or a 'detail-oriented pro' won't help you race past the competition. Every person who applies for this job will be able to make the same statement, so this kind of sentence will only cloud your message and obscure the details that really do make you special. Know the difference between a credential that applies to everyone in the world and a credential that separates you from the pack. Avoid the first and you'll draw more attention to the second. 4. Jargon that's not industry specific. Leverage the kinds of insider terms and acronyms that set you apart as an experienced hand. Referencing software platforms, government agencies, well-known industry products and events, oversight groups, and famous names can help set you apart as a seasoned expert. But non-specific jargon can frame you as a smoke-thrower. Avoid terms you picked up from generic corporate seminars or pitches for non-industry-specific products and services. (For example: Synergy, Cross-Marketing, Strategize, Optimal, and Solution-Provider.) 5. A lack of research. Spend time truly getting to the bottom of what the targeted employers are specifically looking for. Read job descriptions carefully and visit the company website to find out a) what your employers need in terms of skills and experience, b) the credentials they seem to be having trouble finding, and c) the qualifications that might be advantageous but aren't deal-breakers. Align your message with the information you find. 6. No customization. Let's face facts: employers don't have time to carefully read 100 resumes, and you don't have time to create a completely different resume for each job you pursue. It's okay to use a template that varies only slightly from each job to the next, but don't just click send without a single attempt at customization. This can make your application look like a spammy carpet-bombing campaign.
  • Common Resume Mistakes to Avoid

    When you’re ready to apply for a position, you may notice a mistake on your resume. The mistakes you made can be modified to accurately describe your job responsibilities for each company you’ve worked for. Correcting your mistakes provides you with the opportunity to learn a new approach before you send out your resume to the job you applied for. Remember to stay mindful of what mistakes you can make, the importance of them and the steps you can take to make corrections. ## What is a resume mistake? A resume mistake is an unintended error you make when writing down your experience. An error can be corrected or left to be seen by an employer. A resume error could affect your chances of receiving a call for an interview. Overall, resume mistakes may be caught early on, so you can bolster the quality of your resume. ## Why are resume mistakes important? Resume mistakes may be a good learning experience for you, so you know what mistakes to look for in the future. For example, if you found a mistake while proofreading the experience section, try to take note of the error’s location and reread this section over to make sure it can be understood by the employer. Also, catching resume mistakes should help you identify what changes you need to make to a resume that’s posted on a job posting website. In this case, employers may spend more time looking at your resume if it’s available for them to review on a public domain. ## Common mistakes listed on your resume Check out this list of resume mistakes that you should watch out for when writing your resume: **Spelling mistakes and grammar errors** Spelling mistakes and grammar errors can be one of the most common mistakes found on your resume. However, it’s one of the most easily-avoided mistakes as well. Try to place your finger on each word you’re reading to see if there is a clear sentence structure. Also, alter the font you use and paste it into an email document to get a different look at the content you wrote. **Missing keywords related to the job posting** Employers use applicant tracking systems (ATS) to find out if you used keywords used in the job description. You’ll want to use some of the words to show that your experience aligns with the expectations outlined by the employer. Carefully consider the number of keywords you’re using and apply judgment to make sure it’s enough to attract the employer’s attention. **Outdated work experience** One of the first things you should do when you’re proofreading your resume is to identify if your work experience displays your relevant job experience in chronological order. You should list the skills you’ve gained from top to bottom in your resume to exhibit what skills you want the employer to take notice of. Your job experience should be listed in the same way and explicitly list the dates of your company, starting with your most recent employer. **Cluttered and elongated content** You need to have a clear and concise resume that can be readable and digested by employers. Cutting the content of your resume down to one to two pages makes it easier for them to notice what experience you have and if it applies to the posted position. **An irrelevant resume summary** You should remove the summary and other outdated practices like headshots when crafting your resume. You want to make room to list the relevant work experience that entices an employer to hire you. If you’re applying to an entry-level position, you may list volunteer experience and academic organizations you’ve worked for to add more space. **A gap between skills and accomplishments** It’s key to apply for positions that match your skill set and the accomplishments you’ve earned in your previous role. Take more time and effort to describe the value you bring to the company. **The placement for important information for each job** Similar to the job description, list the main point that you want the employer to know about relating to a job you’ve held. State that you’re responsible for overseeing an area of the company. For instance, say that you managed a group of people or held the responsibility of fostering engagement of company employees to increase their performance. **Numbers to quantify achievements** Numbers quantify the results you made for the company you worked for. Be sure to highlight your results and how they benefited the company. For example, you can say that you managed a team of 12 people and increased productivity by 20% during your tenure with the organization. **Modest description of job experience** You want to sell yourself on your resume to portray your confidence before stepping into an interview. You can talk about how you won the employee-of-the-month award to demonstrate that you’re a team player willing to work with employees to achieve company goals. ## How to fix mistakes on your resume Refer to these steps for best practices on how to make corrections on your resume: **1. Proofread your resume aloud** First, you should print out your resume and read your content word-for-word. This method is a test to find out if you’ll proceed with what you wrote or make edits. It’s a great way to put yourself in the position of a hiring manager and check if they want to hire you based on how you communicated your experience. **2. Ask for someone to read it to you aloud** You should have at least one other person read over your resume before you send it off to an employer. Ask your mentor, friend or family members to assist you with this task. They can provide constructive feedback to improve your resume and if they think it motivates employers to interview you. Your mentor might be the best person to read over your resume as they can refer to their professional experience in the industry the job is in to guide your revisions. **3. Make notes of edits and fix them at the end** When you’re reading over your resume, take notes of the edits that need to be made. You can separate the rounds of edits, so you know which stage the mistake occurred and when you get to the final draft stage. You should feel comfortable sending out a high-quality resume that properly reflects your professional experience. **4. Use online tools to catch more errors** Make sure that your spell checker is on in your word processing document. You can use an editor if you’re working online. You need to remember that these tools can be used as a guide but proofreading is the last step to take before you finalize your resume.
  • Using Buzzwords on Your Resume

    When it comes to interviewing new talent, hiring managers are looking for clear, concise, authentic resumes that having meaning and purpose. But in job markets where there are hundreds of applicants applying for each position, it takes something special to catch a hiring manager’s attention. This article will discuss buzzwords, including how and why to include them on your resume. ## What are resume buzzwords? Resume buzzwords are words that describe job applicant qualities to match the requirements for the job position. For instance, if someone was applying for a medical position, they might write, ‘Mentored medical assistants and launched a training program for summer intern group.’ The first part of this sentence tells the hiring manager that the person is a team player. They show initiative and that they will actively support others in their workplace who might need assistance or help on the job. The second part of this sentence shows initiative and drive. This person saw a need that wasn’t being met and decided to take initiative to see that it was filled. Both of these qualities are ideal for medically-based careers and show employers in very tangible ways that a job applicant can fit well in their workplace. To make sure you land your dream job, you need to choose these words carefully and intentionally. Make sure your buzzwords match up with the job qualifications and the duties that will be required within the role. Remember, these words are meant to show the hiring manager that you are a better fit for the position than other candidates in their immense pile of applications. ## Benefits of using buzzwords on your resume Try using buzzwords as the best way to show hiring managers you’re the best fit for the role. Hiring managers want to see that you have the skills to succeed in the role long before you even enter an interview because it’s their job to ensure great candidates come through the door. Buzzwords can make or break the impact of your resume when a hiring manager is holding it against a pile of other applications. For instance, instead of saying you’re passionate about creating an inclusive workspace, write on your resume that you developed and managed a diversity and inclusion group at the previous company you worked for. Instead of saying you are a team player, write that you launched an initiative at your last job which brought team members together each month to build community. ## What’s the difference between keywords and buzzwords? While subtle, there is a difference between the role keywords versus buzzwords play on your resume. Buzzwords are specific to characteristics job candidates should have, whereas keywords are more industry-specific. Keywords can include words related to specialized skills, education or experiences that you have for the role. Buzzwords, on the other hand, show what character qualities you will bring to the position. Establishing a tone that allows the reader to feel like they know you could launch your new career. The beauty of buzzwords is that if you use the right ones, you’ll have the attention of your reader. These buzzwords could point to leadership skills, creativity, innovation or having initiative. You should be mindful of which you use, however, so that these words don’t give a negative impression to the hiring manager. ## Best buzzwords to use on your resume Try these buzzwords to show a hiring manager that you are the candidate they’ve been looking for: - Achieved - Delivered - Managed - Created - Launched - Trained - Mentored - Improved - Launched - Published - Increased/Decreased - Influenced Since buzzwords are not industry-specific, you should be able to match similar words to resumes being submitted for jobs in various industries. Remember that these words are meant to show intentionality and innovation in a way that draws the reader in. ## Buzzwords you should avoid using on your resume Try to keep these words off your resume to help you move on to the next hiring round: - Go-getter - Motivated - Think outside of the box - Synergy - Go-to person - Results-driven - Leadership - Team player - Passionate - Hard worker - Detail-oriented - Experienced Buzzwords you should avoid are the words that have been overused and feel forced and worn out. When you read many of these words, you will probably be able to understand why they aren’t favorites of hiring managers. With a limited amount of time to determine who should be moved forward in the interview process, hiring managers can sometimes rely on buzzwords to help them gauge the authenticity of an applicant. Unfortunately for some applicants, they may disqualify themselves without even knowing that it came down to the negative effect of a phrase they used on their resume.
  • How to Write a Resume as a Stay at Home Mom Returning to Work

    Staying at home to take care of your children is meaningful work that develops new skills and provides you with challenging experiences. However, it can be difficult to translate this onto a resume that will distinguish you as an ideal candidate once you decide to rejoin the workforce. This article explains why creating a stay-at-home mom resume is beneficial, lists steps for updating your resume when returning to work and provides a template and example that will help you craft your own resume. ## Why is a stay-at-home mom resume useful? After spending time out of work to care for your children, it can be difficult to leverage this as an applicable experience once you decide to return to work. Additionally, an employment gap can give employers the wrong impression and discredit your employability. A resume for a stay-at-home mom can help to reintroduce you into the job market and show a hiring manager that you have maintained your skills and experience as well as developed new ones while you were parenting. ## How to create a stay at home mom resume Here are some things to consider as you revise your resume as a stay at home mom: **1. First, consider adopting an alternative resume format** A majority of resumes are written in reverse chronological order, meaning that the most recent experience is listed towards the top of the page. Though that works well for those on a traditional career path where each position usually brings an increase in pay and responsibility, it is less effective for a stay at home mom because it can accentuate the employment gap. Fortunately, there are other options, such as a combination or functional resume, that emphasize your skills rather than your professional experience. **2. Second, craft a resume summary or objective** You can draw attention to your qualifications for the position you are applying for by including additional resume sections, such as a summary statement or an objective. These additions will consolidate your skills, experience and intent, giving hiring managers a clear picture of how you could be an asset to their team. **3. Third, incorporate volunteer roles** Serving as a stay-at-home parent usually allows for opportunities to work in a volunteer capacity with your child’s school or extracurricular activities. Though the work is unpaid, it can still be a wonderful way to showcase your skills and demonstrate that you still had applicable responsibilities during your employment gap. When describing your volunteer work, use action words and direct language, just as you would with past professional experiences. Make sure to highlight any accomplishments in these areas as well. **4. Fourth, mention any freelance work** Even though staying at home with the kids meant a break in full-time, salaried work, you may still have worked as a freelancer, temporary hire or contracted employee. It is beneficial to include any of this information on your resume. It will communicate that your skills are still intact and can fill the gap in your employment history. **5. Next, utilize your references** Providing references can be a great way to assure employers of your abilities despite being away from work for an extended amount of time. Make sure that the contact information is accurate and that the reference is willing to affirm your skills or experience. **6. Then, decide whether you should include your stay at home experience** There are many arguments both for and against including your experience as a stay-at-home mom on your resume. It can be beneficial if you are looking for a role that would benefit from this experience, such as teaching, but could be inapplicable in other industries. Ultimately, only you can decide whether you would like to include this experience on your resume. **7. Lastly, keep your stay at home experience relevant and professional** In many cases, a cover letter is a more appropriate place to explain your employment gap as a stay-at-home mom. However, if you do decide to include this information on your resume, focus on the details that are relevant to the position you are applying for. **Here are some guidelines to help keep your descriptions professional:** - Avoid giving the position a funny title - Only include transferrable skills and responsibilities - Avoid providing an exhaustive list of unrelated chores ## Stay at home mom resume template Here is a template to follow as you craft your own resume: [First and last name] [Address] [Phone number] [Email] [Link to website or online portfolio] Objective: [Strong, descriptive adjectives] [position] with [years of experience]. [Relevant accomplishments (optional)]. Seeks to use [relevant skills] as a [position] at [organization]. Education: [Name of school], [Dates attended] [Degree] Professional Experience: [Name of organization] [Job title] [Dates] - [Bulleted list of achievements and responsibilities] Volunteer Experience: [Name of organization] [Position], [Dates] - [Bulleted list of achievements and responsibilities] Skills: - [List of hard and soft skills that are relevant to the position being applied for] ## Stay at home mom resume example Here is an effective example of a resume for a stay at home mom who is rejoining the workforce: Sarah Holliday 1234 Marigold Avenue, Seattle WA 98101 (555) 555-5555 Sarah.Holliday@email.com SarahHolliday.com **Objective** Detail-oriented and tenacious writer with a Master of Arts degree in English and 7+ years of experience seeking to utilize language and communication skills as an editor for Creative Solutions. **Education** M.A. in English from the University of Portland, August 2011 – May 2013 B.A. English from the University of Portland, August 2006 – May 2010 **Professional Experience** ACME Enterprises Lead Content Writer August 2016 – January 2018 - Led a team of six writers who were responsible for developing the company’s web page content including home pages, customer-facing advertising and blog pages - Performed quarterly performance management evaluations of three writers, sharing the responsibility of performance evaluation with the senior editor and the publisher Quorum Publishing Editor May 2013 – July 2016 - Edited manuscripts for science white papers in the areas of chemistry, pharmacology, genetics and medicine - Led the content editor team, supervising two other content editors and their work, which involved handling the last round of edits and providing feedback - Reported on their work in quarterly performance management evaluations to the senior editor - Evaluated manuscript submissions and worked with writers to help them improve their ideas and thesis - Took the lead in developing style standards for the content management team based on AP Style Tomorrow Publications Copy Editor January 2011 – April 2013 - Reviewed and corrected manuscripts to improve accuracy and readability using AP Style for manuscripts - Corrected manuscripts for errors, omissions, inconsistencies and repetition of text and words - Checked manuscripts for caption errors and graphics for consistency with the narrative and text of the manuscripts - Work with UX web team to create web page content in support of marketing materials Idlewise Press Proofreader June 2010 – March 2011 - Proofread and fact-checked manuscripts about open source technology and emerging technologies in artificial intelligence - Reported errors to the lead editor - Collaborated with editing team to ensure accurate and consistent quality of work involving graphic design and text **Volunteer Experience** Hillsdale Preschool Board Volunteer Secretary August 2019 – Present - Record meeting notes and read the current report at the beginning of each board meeting - Keep track of votes on board issues and report these at board meetings as part of meeting notes - Serve as a liaison between board members to update information or correct errors in meeting notes - Report amended information or correction of errors during board meetings - Maintain diaries and logs of meetings - Manage meeting schedules and appointments, specifically for the board president and vice president Hillsdale Preschool Newsletter Writer May 2019 – Present - Manage and write content for the Hillsdale preschool website and newsletter paper version using AP Style for all articles - Manage and maintain the newspaper advertising budget - Meet with local advertisers to secure funding for the preschool newsletter Skills - Leadership - Technical writing - Proofreading/editing - Communication - SEO - AP Style - Microsoft Office
  • How to Write a Summary of Qualifications on a Resume

    A summary of qualifications gives your resume a personality. It tells your story in more detail and makes your resume stand out from the rest. However, they are more beneficial to those in specific situations. Learn what a summary of qualifications is, follow some steps to write your own and view a list of examples and frequently asked questions. ## What is a summary of qualifications? A summary of qualifications or qualifications profile is an optional section often placed at the top of a resume. Within a summary, you can list your achievements, skills and other qualifications and define them in a more in-depth manner. The format of a summary of qualifications uses brief statements to highlight some of your most relevant skills for your industry or field. ## Why include a summary of qualifications? Including a summary of qualifications within your resume adds a creative and personalized feeling, making it stand out. This section can generate interest for hiring managers, encouraging them to read further. Summaries are most beneficial to individuals who require an additional explanation for their job search. For example, recent graduates with little experience use this section to explain their focus on studies. Those with transferrable skills might seek a new career in a different industry and their summary explains that in detail. ## How to write a summary of qualifications **1. First, collect and include quantifiable data** The first step is to collect quantifiable data that makes your resume stand out. Use percentages or other numerical measurements to explain your previous experience. Some of your options include revenue amounts you saved, time you spent in a position, budget sizes you handled or any simple percentage of increase or decrease you created for improvement. Include this information within your summary of qualifications. **2. Second, summarize your education and experience** The second step involves summarizing your education and overall experience. Introduce your degrees and discuss programs you excelled in. If you’re a recent graduate, include if you earned any recognition such as valedictorian or salutatorian. If you earned any awards throughout your college or professional career, include them as well with a brief summary of details. **3. Third, summarize your skills, licenses or certificates** The third step involves summarizing your skills, licenses, certificates or other noteworthy information. Discuss both hard and soft skills learned during college, internships or an official employment capacity. This includes anything from generic communication skills to specific industry applications and machinery. Introduce any additional training courses you graduated from and special certifications. **4. Then, include job-specific keywords** The fourth step is to include job-specific keywords. Keywords are important on any resume for pleasing applicant tracking systems (ATS). An ATS is a software application that handles recruitment for employers by identifying the best resumes that fit their criteria. Research the position you’re interested in and study the job posting. Identify specific keywords that come up frequently and spread them throughout your resume and your summary. Avoid keyword-stuffing and only place them as essential details to complement your own skills and qualifications. **5. Finally, personalize it** The final step is to personalize it by telling your story. Explain what makes you unique or why you’re an ideal fit for the role. If you’re switching careers, a recent graduate or need an additional explanation, be sure to introduce it thoroughly. The more creative, unique and personal you make the section, the more interesting your resume becomes for employers. Careful editing and rewording may be necessary until you add the right character for the role. ## Examples of a summary of qualifications The following list outlines examples of qualification summaries: **Example of a general summary** - Three years of agency experience in digital marketing - Creative, determined, fast-paced and strategic - Skills in critical thinking, problem-solving - Specialized training in Facebook ads, LinkedIn ads and web design - Four-year degree in marketing with a focus on digital spaces **Example for a career change** - Award-winning casting manager with 10 years of experience now seeks management in human resources - High-performing, strategic-thinking, detail-oriented professional with expertise in identifying and recruiting talent - Four-year film school graduate with a minor in Psychology who effectively communicates with diverse populations - Excellent skills in assessing needs, generating options and implementing solutions - Earned certification in HR management as it pertains to the casting career field **Example for advanced experience** - Five years of experience assisting project managers in the field - 15 years of experience in the construction industry - Advanced skills and knowledge in team building, building codes, construction laws and budget analysis - Four-year degree in construction engineering and certified first-aid professional - Earned additional certification in accounting and bookkeeping **Example for a recent graduate** - Recent graduate with a four-year degree in graphic design - Creative, determined, dependable - Works well under pressure with tight deadlines - Advanced experience with Photoshop and InDesign - Advanced skills in storyboarding, concept art, logo design and character art # Summary of qualifications FAQ The following list answers some of the most common questions relating to qualification summaries: **Do qualification summaries negatively impact ATS ratings?** A summary of qualifications gives you the opportunity to add more detail and personalization to your resume. Since ATS tracks specific keyword usage, using your summary as a way to express many of those keywords positively impacts ATS ratings. As mentioned previously, however, avoid keyword-stuffing as it may negatively impact your score. **Can I omit a skills section if I include a summary of qualifications?** Only omit a skills section from your resume if you include all relevant skill information in your summary. If you cannot include or expand upon all of your skills, then keep your skills section for all information you were unable to include. **Is there a difference between a resume objective and a summary of qualifications?** Resume objectives are often short, including no more than three sentences. They’re meant to be a very brief introduction of the candidate. A summary of qualifications allows you to add more detail and clarification, usually taking more space than the average objective section. You should identify which section has greater benefits for you and your situation but avoid including both sections on your resume.
  • How to Create a Resume Name

    A resume name is a filename for when you send your resume to an employer. The distribution of your resume with a proper filename will communicate that you’re applying for a specific job. In this article, you can refer to the best practices when examining and choosing the best filenames to use for your resume. ## What should you name your resume? Your resume filename tells the employer you’re interested in working for a position at their company. The employer knows to search for your resume if the hiring manager wants to interview you. An effective resume filename can make your resume more notable to an employer and encourage them to remember something they saw about your candidacy. They may have seen valuable experience or a notable keyword that stood out when they scanned your resume. The filename of your resume can help you if you’re applying to multiple positions. For instance, the resume’s filename might separate you from applying for a marketing or public relations job. It may differentiate the companies you’re applying to and the title of the position. You might use a different filename for a mid-level role if you’re looking to stay in the same industry or use another one for an entry-level position if you’re switching careers. ## How to choose a resume name Here is a list of steps for choosing a name for your resume file. **1. First, write your full name and last name** Your resume name is most noticeable if you include your name. Your name distinguishes who is applying for an open position within the company. A company might organize your resume in alphabetical order, starting with your first or last name. It’s convenient for you to start by listing your first name and last name in the filename. A company may recognize your name if they’ve met you at a networking event or if you applied to the company before. You may add your middle initial if you want to make the filename more unique. Adding your middle initial helps the employer differentiate between you and another employee with the same name as yours. **2. Second, add the name of the company** The name of the company highlights where you’re applying for a job. The company’s name is an indicator of your interest in employment for a certain role. An employer may look at specific filenames, but the importance of listing the company’s name depends on their preference. Specify the company’s name to increase the value-added to the filename and importance of your resume. **3. Third, include the title of the position** Adding the title of the position makes it clear which job you’re seeking to fill. This information follows your full name and the company name. This information makes it easier for the human resources department to sort your resume if they’re organizing by the position’s name. They can easily refer back to it, or the hiring manager may notice the naming after they looked at it to keep your candidacy in mind. **4. Fourth, include the word resume** Include the word resume before you submit it to your prospective employer. Using the word resume shows you’re sending your resume to the company you’re applying for. You’ll want to add the name of the additional documents, such as your cover letter and your portfolio. An employer might put your resume in a certain stack if you sent all the required documents as shown in the job description. Keep in mind that while most job descriptions allow candidates to come up with their own resume names, some have their own specific requirements. If the job description provides specific instructions for how to name your resume, follow those directions and name your resume the way they request. ## Tips for what to avoid when naming your resume Here are some tips for what you should avoid when creating your resume name. **Version numbers** Be sure to exclude the version of the resume you’re submitting if you’ve made multiple rounds of edits. You can still keep older versions on your computer. Make the filename of your resume clear by stating it’s the final copy. Listing the final copy of your resume increases the clarity of the file naming and displays that you’re showcasing your best work to the employer. A filing system is useful if you have multiple drafts of a resume from multiple companies you’ve applied for. **Generic filenames** Specify your resume’s name for the hiring manager instead of solely using the word resume on your filename. A specified filename gives employers more information to look at before they can evaluate your experience. ## Tips for naming your resume Here are some tips that you should consider when creating your resume name. **Insert the name of the job posting website** You might consider how you’re applying for this job. For example, you may apply for the job through a job posting website, the company’s website, or email if you have a connection working with the company. You can include the name of the job posting website to specify where you applied. Add the job posting site you used after you list your first and last name, the name of the company, the position, and the word resume. **Shorten your resume’s filename** Keep the resume’s filename short, so the employer can understand whose resume they’re reviewing. The organization of your resume is critical to showing the whole filename. Computers might view the first 24 characters of the resume you send to them, so test the number of characters it has before you submit it. **Use capital letters when needed** Use capital letters within your resume’s filename when you’re listing the first letter of your first and last name. You can increase the readability and indicate distinctly when you’re stating your name. **Proofread your resume** Proofread the filename of your resume to ensure it’s free of typos. You can proofread it to see if it has all the vital elements that an employer needs to review. Be sure to read it out loud twice before you submit your resume to the employer. ## Ways to save your resume Here are some tips you can follow when saving your resume file: - Submit your resume as a PDF or a Word document. - Convert your Word document into a PDF file by choosing to save your PDF within your word processing program. You can look at the job description to get more information on the requirements for file naming. Some companies may specify the file format that they prefer to review your resume in. ## Examples of resume file names Here are several examples of resume file names that you can use as a guide when creating your own: - Joseph Collins Kens Banking Marketing Coordinator Resume.pdf - Mary Stephens Marcos Aviation Finance Manager Resume.doc - Francine Cardi Stated Valued Insurance Administrative Assistant.doc - Lydia Talbot Janice Travel Corporation Travel Coordinator Sales Manager.pdf A detailed and specific filename can be a unique way to give employers more information to look at before they actually open your resume file.
  • What to Do Instead of Lying About an Employment Gap

    If you are preparing your resume to apply for a new job and have a gap in your employment history, you may wonder if you should lie about it to increase your chances of getting the job. Lying on your resume can have serious negative consequences. There are other positive ways to explain an employment gap to hiring managers. Learn what qualifies as an employment gap, why you shouldn’t lie about one to employers, and how to present an employment gap positively during the hiring process. ## What is an employment gap? An employment gap is a period of time when you didn’t have a job. Although there isn’t a specific length of time that you need to be unemployed for it to qualify as a gap, a period of unemployment longer than one month can be considered a gap. A period of six months or more of unemployment will typically stand out to employers. ## Common reasons for an employment gap Some commons reasons to have an employment gap include: - Looking for work unsuccessfully after being laid off, leaving a job, relocating, graduating, or switching careers - Taking time off for medical leave, personal reasons, or to care for family - Not working while pursuing an education - Spending time traveling - An employment gap may occur in your professional history for any number of reasons. ## Why do employers care about an employment gap? Here are some reasons employers might worry about an employment gap: **A lack of skills or industry knowledge** If your time not working was of significant length, employers may wonder if your skills or understanding of the industry have kept up with recent developments. Since there are constant updates and changes to technology and industry practices, an employment gap may show that your abilities are not current. **A lack of work ethic** Sometimes employment gaps can make hiring managers wonder if you didn’t have a job because you don’t have a good work ethic. They could see a lack of professional history as a sign of laziness or a lack of motivation. Employers may be concerned or curious when they see an employment gap on a resume because they want to hire the best candidate. A gap can signal that you may not have the skills or qualities they’re looking for. ## Should you lie about an employment gap? You should never lie on your resume about anything. Employers can easily verify your employment dates through your references and a background check. Their discovery of the lie will likely disqualify you from being considered for the open position. If they discover the lie after you are hired, it can be grounds for termination. Additionally, lying on your resume may put you in a position where you’re asked to perform duties that you’re not capable of. It is always better to be honest on your resume and clearly address why you have an employment gap with your hiring manager. ## How to address an employment gap You can use these steps to explain your employment gap when seeking a new job: **1. Firstly, consider your resume type** When writing your resume, consider whether using a different format will help present your skills more clearly if you have an employment gap. While a chronological resume lists professional employment from your most recent job to your oldest one, a functional resume focuses more on presenting your skills and career accomplishments than a list of your previous jobs. A hybrid resume is a combination of a chronological and a functional resume, spending equal length on describing your employment and your abilities. Consider if using a functional or hybrid resume may be a better option for you than a chronological one. **2. Secondly, use years instead of months for employment dates** For the professional history or experience section on your resume, you need to include the dates of when you worked at each job. It’s often recommended to include both the month and year in your dates of employment, such as ‘Software Engineer, Technical Bold Consultants, November 2018 to February 2019.’ However, if you omit the months and only include the years of employment, it can make your length of employment seem longer, and your employment gap seem shorter. Using this method is not lying because employers can still verify the length of your employment. If they ask you for specific dates, you should tell the truth. **3. Thirdly, show growth on your resume** You can present an employment gap in a positive way on your resume and allay employer concerns by addressing how you grew or what you learned during that time. Think of any activities, courses, or alternative jobs you may have done during the gap and list them on your resume to show skills growth. **Examples of positive reasons to explain an employment gap:** - **Education**. If you attended school, took any professional courses, or even engaged in a self-guided study during your employment gap, list this on your resume to show employers that you were actively seeking improvement while you weren’t working. - **Travel**. If you took time off work to travel, you could explain this on your resume and list where you went, the cultures you experienced, and anything you learned, such as new languages or other skills. - **Volunteer work**. Listing volunteer work on a resume shows employers your commitment, initiative, abilities, and skills. - **Entrepreneur efforts**. If you engaged in any entrepreneurial efforts, you can list this as a job on your resume and include your actions and the skills you used or developed. - **Freelance or contract work**. Even if you didn’t work regularly, including any freelance or contract jobs you performed during an employment gap can effectively fill that gap on your resume. **4. Fourthly, provide details in your cover letter** If your employment gap is significant and you feel it’s necessary to explain in your application, you can devote a brief paragraph in your cover letter to address it. For example, if you took maternity or paternity leave, leave for health reasons, or to take care of family, you can include these reasons in your cover letter to explain the employment gap. You might also include an assertion that you are now ready and committed to return to the workforce. **5. Fifthly, prepare an interview question answer** Before you go into a job interview, consider how you will explain the gap in your employment history if the hiring manager asks about it. Prepare to briefly state the reason for your lack of employment, and spend more time highlighting your efforts to get a job and to improve your employability, such as learning new skills or developing personally. Use your answer to show the employer that you are ready and capable for the role despite the gap. **6. Finally, always be honest** Lastly, remember to be truthful in your answers and explanations about an employment gap. Honesty doesn’t mean you have to give every detail of the gap or divulge sensitive or personal information, but be prepared to state that you needed time off for personal reasons or another brief explanation instead of lying about your employment gap. The key to successfully presenting a gap in your employment history to hiring managers is to prepare to address it in a clear and positive way.
  • What Are the Consequences of Lying on a Resume?

    Lying about your experience, skills, education or other abilities on your resume could disqualify you from getting a job or even get you fired from your current role. The better you understand the consequences of lying on your resume, the more you’ll be able to stick to the facts for your future applications. This article details the consequences of lying on your resume and answers related questions on the matter. ## Is lying on a resume acceptable? Lying on your resume is completely unacceptable. Whether it’s a blatant lie, an omission or you’re exaggerating the truth, lying is frowned upon in all forms. Even if you think lying on your resume could help your resume stand out, it can lead to dire consequences. Hiring managers can easily determine if you’ve provided false information and once you’re caught, it can lead to embarrassment and tarnish your reputation. ## Tips to avoid lying on your resume If you’re worried about not having enough qualifications, you can consider expressing your willingness to learn new skills. Hiring managers also look for candidates who have transferable skills that can be utilized in this new position. Therefore, you don’t have to necessarily know absolutely everything that an employer is looking for, though, you should know most. It’s a much better idea to be upfront about your expertise and admit that you don’t know a particular skill than lie about it. ## Consequences of lying on your resume Here are some of the consequences that could result from lying on your resume: **Possible termination** If you lie on your resume and your employer finds out, it’s possible that you could face termination. When employers hire you, they trust that you’ve provided the right information and verify it to the best of their ability. If it turns out that you lied, this trust is gone and will be hard to rebuild. This will lead to your employer questioning your character and wonder not only what else you’ve lied about, but also what you might lie about in the future. **Unable to perform job duties** If you list skills on your resume that you do not have in actuality, this could lead to you not being qualified for the job. This will result in you not being able to perform the job duties or meet your employer’s expectations. Once your employer notices that you’re not able to complete your various responsibilities, they could become suspicious about your qualifications and conduct further research to verify your abilities. **Damage to your reputation** Lying on your resume could also lead to much embarrassment and potential damage to your reputation. Your employer—and potentially your coworkers and employment references—won’t want to be associated with you after determining you lied. It’s also possible that more and more people will find out that you lied, further adding to your humiliation and a tarnished reputation. One lie on your resume has the potential to follow you throughout your professional career. **Loss of legal claims** If you lie on your resume, it’s possible that you’ll lose the right to take legal action against your former employer if applicable. For example, if you plan to sue your former employer for discrimination, you could end up losing this right. False information in an employee-employer relationship could end up not being actionable by law. **Criminal charges** Though it’s not common, it’s possible that you could face criminal charges for providing false information on your resume or job application. This is especially the case if you’re applying for a job with a state or federal employer. In some cases, you may be charged with a criminal fraud offense. **Civil liability** You could also face civil liabilities by lying on your resume. For example, if you created a structure that ended up hurting someone, this could lead to you being sued for not following the right building codes and letting your employer know that you had no expertise in this line of work. This may also fall on your employer for hiring you in the first place. **Loss of your license** If you lie on your resume, this could result in a loss of your license. For example, if you claim to have certain skills as a surgeon but wind up hurting someone because of your inability to perform a surgery correctly, you could face serious charges. This could include a malpractice lawsuit and the loss of your medical license. ## Frequently asked questions Here are some common questions in regards to lying on your resume: **What should you do if you lied on your resume?** For starters, you can update your resume, tell the hiring manager that you noticed some errors and present them with an updated copy. You can also tell the truth. Though this might disqualify you from getting the job, it would avoid further consequences down the road if you were to get caught. You can also withdraw your application from the job you’re applying for. Though you won’t get the job, you won’t have to let the recruiter know why and you’ll avoid any future consequences. Lastly, you could do nothing, however, it is uncertain what could happen if you go this route—especially if the recruiter tries to verify some of the information you provided. **What are some common lies found on resumes?** There are a number of different lies you can find on a resume. Some common ones are found in regards to job titles, skills, job duties and the academic degree earned. Candidates can also lie in regards to the dates they worked for an employer. **How can an employer discover you’ve lied on your resume?** Employers can determine that you’ve lied on your resume by verifying the information on your resume. They can do this by simply reading your resume and seeing that your job titles seem questionable based on your career level, for example. If an employer requires you to take a skills test and your results indicate that you didn’t pass, then they would know that your actual skills don’t match what you presented on your resume. An employer can also conduct a background check to confirm your education or call your references to verify any details on your resume or job application.
  • PDF vs. Word: What’s the Best Way to Submit Your Resume?

    When you are ready to submit a digital version of your resume, you have two options—you can attach your resume as a Word document, or you can attach it as a PDF. Although either is acceptable, it’s important to understand the difference so that you can choose the best file format for your situation. In this article, you can explore the advantages and disadvantages of using a PDF or a Word document when uploading your resume online or attaching via email. ## Should you use a PDF or a Word document to submit your resume? Most employers will accept either a Word document or PDF file, leaving the decision up to you. Although both file types have their own pros and cons, PDF is usually the better choice. Sending your resume as a PDF file will preserve the formatting and ensure that the document looks exactly the way you intended. Before submitting your resume, be sure to check the employer’s instructions. Some employers will specify the type of file you should submit, and in that case, you should adhere to their requirements. Sending a PDF when they asked for a Word file may leave them with a negative impression of your ability to follow directions. ## When to use a PDF In most situations, you should submit your resume as a PDF. The only exception to this rule is if the employer specifically asks for a different file type, such as a Word document. Often, the job posting will specify which format you should use when submitting your resume. If you are filling out an online application that asks you to upload your resume, you should see instructions that explain which file types are acceptable. If you cannot find any language that suggests the employer has a preference, sending a PDF is the safer choice. However, if possible, you should note that you are willing and able to send a Word document if that is easier for them. **Examples of the advantages of using a PDF file**: - A wide range of programs can be used to open and view PDF files. - Your document will look the same no matter what computer or program is used to open it. - Margins, fonts, images and other formatting choices will be preserved. - A PDF file prevents the recipient from making inadvertent changes to your document. **Examples of the disadvantages of using a PDF file**: - PDF files generally take up more storage space. - Some employers use an applicant tracking system (ATS) to scan for keywords and sift through resumes, and their ATS may not support PDF files or may have trouble scanning them. ## When to use a Word document Only send your resume as a Word document if that is what the employer asks for. Some companies do still prefer Word documents, and they have good reasons for that. They may be using an applicant tracking system (ATS) that works best with Word documents. In that case, sending a PDF may hurt your chances because the ATS software may not be able to pick up the keywords in your resume. Large companies are especially likely to use an ATS, and it’s worth checking to see if they do before you send your resume. You should also use Word if you want the recipient to be able to edit your resume. For instance, if you are applying through a recruitment company or employment agency, sending your resume as a Word document gives them the opportunity to correct any errors they spot or optimize it for ATS scanning. **Examples of the advantages of using a Word document**: - Some ATS programs do a better job scanning Word documents than PDF files. - Word files tend to be smaller than PDF files. - Word documents can be easily edited. **Examples of the disadvantages of using a Word document**: - The recipient could make changes by accident. - Not all businesses use Microsoft Word. - The formatting choices might not show up correctly if the file is opened through a program other than Microsoft Word. ## Frequently asked questions **How can I find out which file type an employer prefers?** If you found the position online, the job posting will often specify which type of file you should submit. You may also find instructions within the application itself or in other job postings from the same company. Keep in mind that the instructions may say that either file type is acceptable, which means the choice is up to you. In some cases, you might not be able to find the information anywhere. For instance, a job posting may simply say, ‘To apply, email your resume to parkerwilliams@email.org.’ In that case, you could ask which file type they would prefer, or you could attach two copies of your resume—one in PDF format and one in Word format. Reaching out to the hiring manager to clarify will demonstrate initiative, show that you care about the job and help you stand out. **How can I tell if my resume is formatted as a PDF or Word document?** To tell whether a document is formatted as a PDF or Word file, look at the end of the file name. You should see a period followed by a few letters. If the file name ends with .pdf, the document is a PDF. If the file name ends with .doc or .docx, it is a Word document. **How do I change the file format?** Any document you create in Microsoft Word can be easily converted to PDF format within the Word program. Simply navigate to the ‘File’ menu and click on ‘Export’ or ‘Save As.’ These options will allow you to change the file to PDF format before you save, download or share the document. You can also find online applications that will allow you to convert a file from one format to another. Adobe Acrobat also has this capability. **Can a PDF be edited?** One common reason for submitting your resume as a PDF instead of as a Word document is to preserve the formatting and content. However, if you have the right software, you can edit a PDF. Making changes to a PDF document is more difficult than making changes to a Word document, but it is not impossible. With that being said, PDF is a safer choice because it prevents accidental changes. Editing a PDF requires a very deliberate process, whereas making changes to a Word document can be done inadvertently.
  • How to List Employability Skills on a Resume: Best Skills and Examples

    Employability skills are important to include on a resume for any position. You should also be prepared to discuss what your employability skills are in a job interview. Learning about employability skills can help you better prepare for the hiring process, increasing your chances of getting a job offer. ## What are employability skills? Employability skills are the abilities, qualities and behaviors that are necessary to perform any job. Also called soft skills, foundational skills or job skills, employability skills include a wide range of skills that help you to get along with coworkers, perform your duties well and interact with customers or clients. ## Why employers want to see employability skills on your resume Demonstrating employability skills on your resume shows employers that you are capable of performing a job successfully. Other than any position or industry-specific knowledge and skills needed for a role, employability skills communicate to an employer that you can be trusted to perform different tasks. They show competence, work ethic and general capability. ## Common employability skills for a resume There are many types of employability skills, but here are some of the most important ones that employers look for: **Interpersonal skills** Interpersonal employability skills refer to your ability to interact positively with other people. These skills include being respectful to your coworkers and supervisors, managing conflict positively and being polite and friendly to everyone. Having interpersonal skills shows that you can build successful relationships. **Communication skills** Communication skills are essential in the workplace so that interactions between people, written materials and responsibilities are clear for all involved parties. Communication skills include the ability to speak clearly, listen actively and write clearly and correctly. They also help you to interact successfully with clients as well as coworkers. Every employee and employer benefits from being able to communicate and understand communications effectively. **Critical thinking skills** The ability to think critically is a skill employers often value. Critical-thinking skills include problem-solving and decision making. When thinking critically, you can identify a problem, observe why it exists, brainstorm solutions and analyze how well those solutions work. **Integrity** Key skills for any employee are reliability, dependability and honesty. Showing these aspects of integrity on your resume can demonstrate to an employer that you are trustworthy and hardworking. **Organization** Planning and organizational skills show that you can prioritize your tasks and keep track of all your work. These skills help an employer know that you will be able to complete your duties. **Teamwork** The ability to work well on a team is a necessary skill for almost every job. Having teamwork skills includes being able to contribute to team objectives and goals, being sensitive to other team members, being responsible for your share of the work and being able to work comfortably with all types of people. **Technological skills** Since the modern workplace relies heavily on technology for performing everyday actions and achieving overall success, technological skills are one of the most important things an employer looks for. These skills include familiarity with industry-specific computer programs as well as basic internet, typing, word processing and spreadsheet capabilities. ## How to list employability skills on a resume Use these steps to include employability skills on your resume: 1. Firstly, make a list of your skills Begin by creating a complete list of all the employability skills that you have. Only include skills that you are certain you possess and that you can think of an example of when you demonstrated them, so you can discuss your skills in specific terms if asked about them in an interview. 2. Secondly, check the job description Carefully read the job descriptions of the positions you want to apply for. Look for keywords, descriptions, examples of duties or lists that highlight the employability skills required for the position, and take notes or make a list of them. These are the skills you’ll want to try to include in your resume. 3. Next, choose which skills to include By looking at the list of your skills and the list of skills required for the job, you can determine which employability skills you have that the employer is looking for. Select several skills that you think are most important for the position or company and that you can prove you possess. Include these skills in the skills section on your resume. 4. Lastly, consider using examples to Instead of just including a bullet list of skills in a skills section on your resume, you can also demonstrate employability skills through examples in the work experience portion. This is also a good way to discuss several skills at once. Consider what actions you performed at your previous jobs and how they show your employability skills, then write a clear sentence to describe how you used the skill and its positive outcome. Include this sentence as a bullet point when describing your job duties. **Example**: ‘Communicated with all team members through daily emails and weekly meetings to ensure project progress and identified any areas where I could offer help and support to the team.’ ## How to improve your employability skills If you want to work on developing or strengthening your employability skills, you can use these steps: 1. Firstly, choose a skill or two to focus on Since there are so many employability skills, it is easier to work on improving them if you focus on just one or a few at the same time. Perform a self-assessment or look for keywords in job descriptions to identify which skills you need to develop most. 2. Secondly, look for learning opportunities Which skills you want to improve will determine how you work on developing them. Spend some time finding ways that you can develop the skills you choose to focus on. Consider taking online classes, creating daily reminders to do certain actions, implementing checklists, asking your supervisor for advice or opportunities to use these skills and finding a mentor. The more learning opportunities that you can find, the better chance you will have at successfully strengthening your skills. 3. Next, create objectives for improvement After finding ways you can develop the skills you want to improve, create a clear plan for how you will take advantage of those opportunities. Your objectives should include what you will do, how you will do it and deadlines for when you will do it. Consider asking a friend or coworker to check in with you to help ensure that you meet your objectives. 4. Finally, review and reassess During and after your improvement plan, take time to regularly review how your skills have progressed. Reassess your abilities, and based on the results, you can continue your plan, adjust your plan to be more helpful or add other skills and objectives into your plan for improvement.
  • How to Show Bilingual Skills on a Resume

    Providing a detailed description of your unique skills is a great way to get your resume noticed, especially if one of those skills is being bilingual. When looking for a job, it can be challenging to stand out from all of the other competing applicants. This article explains why it’s a good idea to list bilingual skills in your resume, provides steps for how to effectively showcase these abilities, and addresses frequently asked questions regarding listing language skills on a resume. ## Why is it important to show bilingual skills in your resume? Listing language skills is almost always a way to increase your employability and earning potential when looking for a position. If you are proficient in more than one language, talking about it on your resume can greatly improve your chances of getting hired. ## Benefits of including bilingual skills in your resume Here are the benefits of making hiring managers aware of your bilingualism: - Demonstrates an ability to help their company create and pursue new opportunities - Highlights your awareness of other cultures - Tailors your resume to align with a job description - Shows your cognitive abilities and knowledge - Sets yourself apart from the other applicants - Demonstrates an ability to remain flexible and adapt to a wide range of situations When you speak another language, you are a valuable asset to the organization, especially with companies that communicate with international clients or customers. ## How to show language skills in your resume Here are some steps you can take when including bilingual skills in your resume. **1. First, decide where to list your language skills** Where you place your bilingual skills on your resume will vary depending on their relevance to the position you are applying for. Typically, you can place linguistic abilities in the skills section of your resume. Still, some people prefer to create a separate Languages section to draw attention to their bilingual abilities. Before determining where you should place your language skills, examine the job description to determine how beneficial bilingualism will be for the position. **Options for placement of your bilingual skills in your resume**: - If your bilingual skills will benefit the employer and are relevant to the position, place them in the skills or languages section at the top of your resume to make them more apparent. It’s usually a good idea to place this section just below your resume objective or summary. If bilingualism is a required skill to be considered for the role, make sure to mention your language skills in your resume objective and your cover letter in addition to your resume. - If the ability to speak another language is more of an unrelated bonus, you can place the skills on your resume, but it is unnecessary to make it a focal point. Instead, place your skills or languages section lower on your resume after your education and professional experience sections. **2. Second, gauge your proficiency** When listing language skills on your resume, you need to include the general level of your ability. It can be beneficial to take a language proficiency test to accurately describe your bilingual abilities on your resume. Unless this skill is essential to the job, limiting the description of your proficiency level to one or two words will suffice. The specific proficiency levels can be worded or categorized differently depending on the resource. Still, some primary levels are commonly used for resumes. **Examples of proficiency levels**: - Beginner. Sometimes referred to as an elementary or basic proficiency, this skill level indicates a limited vocabulary and basic understanding. It’s best to refrain from listing a language on your resume if you have only a beginner proficiency level. - Intermediate. You can have basic interactions at an intermediate level of proficiency but still struggle with making syntax and grammatical errors. - Proficient/fluent. Those who are proficient in a language possess a high level of skill but speak the language less easily than a native speaker. - Native. Native speakers have mastered a language in all areas, including speaking, writing, and reading. **3. Third, describe your skill** Along with providing your level of proficiency, it can be beneficial to include details about where you learned a second language and how long you have spent studying it. For example, you could say, ‘Studied Spanish at the University of Miami for four years,’ or ‘Born into a bilingual home with family members speaking both English and French daily.’ **4. Fourth, detail how you’ve used bilingual skills** If bilingual skills are relevant to the position you are applying for, consider highlighting some of the ways you’ve used your mastery of a second language. This may help provide employers with a clearer idea of your abilities in this area. For example, you could mention that you worked at a foreign-speaking summer camp, completed a bilingual translation, or tutored someone in the language. This showcases that your knowledge of the language goes past a basic understanding and that you have experience applying it to real-life situations. **5. Finally, provide proof** Some employers may prefer that you provide evidence of your bilingual abilities, especially if they are relevant to the position. You can include any type of confirmation of your skills, such as certifications or standardized exam grades, in a dedicated section for your certifications and/or awards. If you are in an interview setting, simply speaking to the hiring team in your fluent languages demonstrates your ability and verifies the claims listed on your resume. ## Frequently asked questions about bilingualism on resumes Here are some answers to frequently asked questions regarding listing languages on a resume. **What does it mean to be bilingual?** The word bilingual literally means having two tongues in Latin, which can be translated as a person’s ability to fluently speak two different languages. **What is bilingual proficiency?** When someone is proficient at something, they possess a high level of skill or expertise in that specific area. There are different levels of proficiency that you can possess in languages, ranging from an elementary understanding to a fluent or native speaker. **Is being bilingual a skill?** Bilingualism is a valuable skill that can be an asset throughout your career. Just like with many other skills, bilingualism requires training and practice to become proficient. Additionally, it requires analytical skills and a developed memory. **Why is being bilingual an advantage?** Aside from the many cognitive benefits associated with speaking several languages, bilingualism is an advantage on a resume because it indicates a person’s ability to communicate with a wider range of customers and clients. **Is being trilingual impressive to employers?** With every language that you master, you increase your chances of employability. Multilingualism is an asset in any organization and skill that employers actively search for when seeking candidates for a position, especially with international companies that can benefit from such employees.
  • How to Turn Classroom Experience Into Work Experience In a Resume

    As a recent graduate, you may not have a lot of professional experience to speak of, so how should you handle the work experience section of your recent graduate resume? Should you skip it completely? Should you list your babysitting and lawn mowing summer jobs? Should you oversell your two-month unpaid internship? All of these are legitimate questions. In fact, if you did hold a two–month internship or start a local babysitting business when you were in high school or college, employers will want to learn about this experience and the skills you gained in these roles. There's nothing wrong with boasting about the work you've done and the accomplishments you've achieved, no matter how small they may seem at this stage in your career. And, while you're at it, take the opportunity to showcase your academic work on your recent graduate resume. You've spent countless hours applying yourself inside and outside of the classroom, and these hours can tell employers plenty of positive things about your value as a future employee. Keep these tips in mind as you create your recent graduate resume. **1. Reword your headings** When you read tips about how to write a resume, you usually see advice for seasoned workers. Consider making small changes to tailor your document to your needs. Instead of stating your subheading as "Job History" or "Professional Experience," describe this section as "Relevant Experience." This opens up new realms of possibility to convey your message on your recent graduate resume. Conduct research on the company and the position so that you know what these employers will consider relevant. Then, include anything that might fall under that umbrella. Study the job description/job ad. The description/ad will clearly explain what the employer seeks. Note the skills and experiences the organization wants. (Typically, the most critical needs will appear at the top of the list.) List the skills and experiences that you have that the employer wants exactly as they appear in the description/ad. **2. List team projects and individual accomplishments** Before you start drafting and editing your recent graduate resume, get some blank paper and start generating list of your achievements. To start, ask yourself: Over the last four to eight years, which of your academic projects were the most challenging? Which ones make you proudest? Which assignments taught you the most about the field you're about to pursue? List the projects and battles you fought alone (like a graduate-level course you took when you were a freshman),and also the hurdles you faced with a team. For example, you may want to include the balsa-wood bridge-building competition you won with your engineering classmates. Or, you may want to note the track team that you competed with for four years. And, don't forget to detail situations where you took a leadership role in an organization. **3. Break down projects with bullet points stating the lesson and goals** List each project under your primary subheading. Then under each project, create a list of two to three bullet points. Find a consistent way to populate those points. You can list the primary lessons you gained from each project, the tricky challenges you faced, or the metrics used to determine project success. Each bullet should begin with an action verb. For anything you did in the past, the verb should be in past tense. Find a consistent way to populate those points. You can list the primary lessons you gained from each project, the tricky challenges you faced, or the metrics used to determine project success. Did you participate in a club, honor society, or sports team? Consider one important skill you learned that applies to the job at hand. Share this on your resume and get ready to talk about it in your interview. Job interviews are all about sharing stories about your experience. **4. Gather a list of awards and acknowledgments** Earning an A in a challenging course is definitely a victory, but how did your accomplishments extend beyond the classroom? List your science fair awards, your published poetry, or the viral reaction to the documentary you created for your film class. Even choreographing dance routines shows leadership and project management potential. If you volunteered your time or raised money for a non-profit organization, then you should include this information as well. There are many opportunities to take leadership roles, even if you don't have an official title. **5. Include your extracurricular activities** Don't neglect your extracurricular victories as you organize the details of your document. Consider documenting successful projects and also non-classroom challenges. These could be arts clubs you participated in, sports teams you played on, or leadership organizations you were an official for. **6. Consider listing your education before your experience** When you have minimal work experience, you might want to place your education section above your experience section on your resume. It will be the first thing the hiring manager reads and will emphasize your career ambitions, rather than work experience that may not be targeted toward your desired career path. As you gain experience, you will move your experience section above your education section. But, for now, rest assured that a recent graduate's resume often wins more points in the education section than the work experience field. **7. Don't give up** Finding a new job, especially when you are just out of school, takes time. You may receive pressure from parents or loved ones who found a job quickly when the job market was more favorable than it is now. They mean well, but they may not always be aware of the current market factors impacting your search. So, whatever you do, keep pushing forward. Write multiple drafts of your recent graduate resume and tailor these to specific jobs. Follow up with positions when you don't hear back. In time, you will find a new job.
  • Some Tips about Work Experience in a Resume That You Didn't Know

    A well-written work experience section is a crucial element on your resume because it shows that you have the necessary qualifications to be an asset to your potential employer. It also provides substantial information in a limited space. In this article, we’ll show you how to list work experience on a resume to make a strong impression on your prospective employer. ## What is a resume work experience section? The work experience section of your resume should contain information about your professional history including previous titles, employers, dates of tenure, responsibilities, skills learned and accomplishments. Depending on your background, you can include full-time positions, part-time jobs, temporary roles, internships and even volunteer work if you do not have extensive paid work experience. ## Why is work experience on a resume important? Many employers regard the description of work experience as the most important part of a resume. To get a quick idea of your employment history, your prospective employer will most likely read the work experience section first. As such, this section could be key in moving you forward in the hiring process. The work experience section in your resume shows the hiring manager whether you have the necessary experience and skills to succeed in the role you are applying for. This section also includes information about your achievements, which can distinguish you from other applicants and make you more likely to get an interview. ## How to write work experience in a resume Follow this guide to learn how to write work experience on your resume. ### 1. Include detailed and relevant information The work experience section of your resume should contain specific information about your employment history, including: **Companies you worked for** Provide the full, official names of the companies for which you’ve worked starting with your most recent followed by the next most recent, and so on. To keep the section relevant, exclude employment experiences older than 10 years. In general, you should at least include your last three employers. Do include the amount of work experience required in the job posting, if applicable. **Locations of the companies** Include down the cities and states where your previous employers are located. It is not necessary to provide their full physical address. **Employment dates** Use the standard month-year format (ex. Jan 2014–Nov 2019) to list when you started and stopped working for each company. If you have short gaps in your work history, you may want to list only the years of employment, or if you have long gaps, you may decide to provide a brief explanation as to why. **Job titles** You should be specific about your job titles in the companies you worked for. For example, stating that you were a social media marketing manager is preferable to just writing “Marketing Manager.” Also, avoid using acronyms to refer to your positions. **Responsibilities and impact** Concisely describe your main responsibilities and the skills you demonstrated in your previous jobs, such as project management, strategic planning or team building. Pair your responsibility with a key impact, using numbers to measure your success. For example, instead of writing, “Responsible for taking inventory and ordering office supplies,” an office administrator should write, “Developed new inventory process, reducing quarterly supply costs by 15%.” **Promotions** Listing any promotions you may have earned in previous positions will show your potential employer that you performed well in your past jobs, which could make you a more appealing candidate. **Awards and recognitions** You can include your awards and recognitions in the job experience section, or have a separate section for them. These accomplishments show that you can excel in your field of work. If you do not have extensive professional experience, you can include other experience that shows your skills and commitment to completing tasks professionally. This can include paid jobs that might not seem directly relevant such as retail or food industry jobs you held in high school or college, internships or even volunteer work. Prioritize experiences that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. If you have at least two years of professional experience, you should remove less relevant jobs. ### 2. Format the resume work experience section Here are three effective ways to structure the job experience section of your resume: **Chronological format** In a chronological resume, you will list your work history with your most recent job at the top. This is the most widely used format because it shows clearly how you progressed through your career. This method works best if you have at least a few years of consistent employment experience. **Functional format** With the functional resume format, you’ll categorize your achievements and skills according to the requirements of your desired job. You’ll only need to mention the names of your previous employers and durations of employment under your work history. Since this format focuses on your achievements and skills instead of the job positions you held, it is a suitable option if you are a recent graduate or have significant gaps in your employment history. **Combination format** The combination format offers more flexibility, allowing you to present your work history in a way that emphasizes your strengths. With this option, you will provide a summary of your professional experience first, followed by a list of your achievements and skills. Consider using the hybrid format if you are applying for a management or executive-level position.
  • 20 Ways to Showcase your Experience on Your Resume

    Imagine attempting to review hundreds of resumes in search of the perfect person for a new position. Even if you were resolved to find the best future employee, you would not have time to read every word. More than likely, you would scan the document, especially the experience section. If nothing captivated you, you would move on to the next candidate. This is exactly the routine of hiring managers who sort through the applications they receive, so you will want to generate interest in your qualifications. Your document can make it to the top of the stack by carefully crafting the experience section of your resume. **1. Word your experience heading(s) carefully to contribute to your personal brand** Everyone will have work experience, so distinguish yourself by relating your background to the position you are seeking. For example, you will grab the attention of your readers when they skim your resume by using the header “Marketing & Sales Experience” instead of just “Work History.” **2. Get organized** Styling improves readability. Identify a format for listing your job title, employer and employment dates. Then stick to it throughout your resume. Use bolding, horizontal lines, tabbing or tables to make information pop. Use bullet points to help the reader skim teh document more easily. **3. Do not limit your experience to paid employment** Some of your most relevant experience may come from part-time jobs, internships, service-learning, volunteer work, class projects, jobs, military experience, clubs/student organizations, memberships, leadership experiences and other activities. **4. Emphasize only the skills that are relevant** You have innumerable skills and cannot include them all. Review the position description to identify the attributes they desire. Does all of the content on your resume relate to the position you are seeking? If you will not be performing the tasks you highlighted in this future role, eliminate it. Otherwise, your readers will need to search for your key qualifications among fluff. The example below illustrates this concept. *Content Specific Skill to Eliminate*: Made sandwiches for customers. *Transferable Skill*: Built rapport quickly with customers and worked in a fast-paced environment that required me to collaborate with my colleagues. **5. Use strong action verbs** **6. Include buzz words or keywords** Showcase your competency by using the terminology of your industry. Visit the organization’s website, social media page or LinkedIn profile. Identify popular terminology in your field by reviewing the information published by professional associations, textbooks or journals. **7. Share testimonials** Include quotes from your letters of recommendation, internship evaluations, preceptor/cooperating teacher comments, or annual appraisals. **8. Include a job title** A specific title brings more credibility to a position rather than a generic title, such as “Intern.” If you were not given an official title or are unsure about its exact wording, consult with your supervisor and agree upon one. Possible generic titles to consider include Aide, Assistant, Associate, Coordinator, Facilitator and Specialist. **9. Transcend personal adjectives** Anyone can say they are hard working. Prove it. Demonstrating is always better than telling. *Example*: During my internship evaluation, my supervisor complimented me on my attention to detail, positive attitude, and work ethic. **10. Distinguish yourself from your peers** In addition to the results of your activities and skills, what other unique attributes do you offer an organization? What have you done better than others? What awards or honors have you received? What leadership positions have you held? How have you improved the organizations with which you have been involved? When have you taken initiative, exceeded the call of duty or assumed more responsibility? *Example*: Earned distinction through Dean’s list recognition and by securing highly sought after faculty-selected teaching assistant position. **11. Address the organization’s needs** Most applicants only list their activities. Take it a step further by outlining the value and benefit that these tasks provide to the organization. Demonstrate your ability to make money, solve problems, save time, build relationships, and provide quality service. *Example*: Reorganized filing system in work study position, resulting in substantially improved efficiency and database management within our office. **12. Connect your activities to desired skills** Do the work for your readers. Do not expect them to infer your qualifications from a list of activities. Draw out the skill that these tasks demonstrate. *Example*: Exhibited strong work ethic, organization and time management skills by successfully managing co-curricular leadership positions, part-time employment and a rigorous course load. **13. Include collective accomplishments** What was the key objective of your department and how did you contribute to this? *Example*: Produced the highest customer satisfaction rating of the year with my Verizon sales team by providing personalized follow-up and service. **14. Be specific** Replace vague words such as "assisted," "responsible for" and "helped" with words that produce powerful imagery like "developed," "researched" or "created." *Before*: Assisted with after-school tutoring program. *After*: Contributed to a 15 percent increase in the retention of at-risk students by marketing an after-school program to parents and launching a new tutoring program. **15. Use numbers** Don’t simply pluralize your accomplishments. *Before*: Trained new employees. *After*: Authored a 195-page new employee handbook that was used corporation-wide to train more than 250 staff. **16. Make comparisons between competitors, with the industry average or the company average** *Example*: Exceeded the average Wells Fargo sales rate by 15%. **17. Describe a challenge or problem that you overcame** *Example for Campus Safety Work Study Position*: Responded effectively and promptly to individuals in crisis when they called for assistance. *Student Teaching Example*: Simultaneously implemented two language arts curricula to address the needs of both English-only and bilingual students. **18. Identify the tangibles that you have produced** Examples include software programs, publications, or products. *Example*: Co-designed interdisciplinary lesson plan with cooperating teacher that celebrated diversity and was published online by the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD). **19. Open or close with your strongest point** Lead with your strongest content, especially if your resume is two pages. Your readers will skim the bulleted list of statements that are underneath each position and may miss items that are buried in the middle. **20. Eliminate grammatical errors** Your resume is a writing sample. Carefully proof it to avoid the impression that you are lazy or inattentive to details. Have a friend, family member or the Success Center look at your resume prior to submission.
  • What Do You Put on Your Resume When You Have No Work Experience?

    Trying to get a job straight out of school? Or a stay-at-home mom trying to get back into the work force? If you are looking at your resume and it reads like a blank page, you are not alone. But a blank resume does not have to be an application killer for military spouses. Follow these five tips and make that resume work for you. ## 1. Sell Your Skills, Not Your Experience Take a lesson from former Yahoo CEO Scott Thompson: Don't make up experience you don't have. Instead of being embarrassed by your empty resume, keep in mind that everyone starts somewhere. "My mom reminded me that everyone starts somewhere," says Navy wife Stephanie. Stephanie married her sailor straight out of high school. By 19, she was pregnant. "It made sense to stay home with him once he was born," she said of her son. "When he started school, I needed to go to work. And I had nothing on my resume. No job ever." The good news is this: Stephanie is happily employed today at a Hampton Roads hotel. She works the front desk and is being tracked for management. "They hired me because I had all the skills they needed even if I had no experience," she says. If you have fewer marketable skills than these, think in broader terms. You are probably proficient at various software products that would be useful in an office environment. Maybe you have strong social media skills, have taken on leadership roles in volunteer or extracurricular organizations, or perhaps you have great people skills. No one expects you to have a professional history to match these when you are straight out of school, but they do expect you to tell them what skills you offer and how you have honed them. ## 2. Showcase Your Volunteer Work or Academic Projects No one needs to know how you learned to be proficient at Microsoft Word or PowerPoint in high school, but if you are going to present yourself as a young leader, communicator or organizer, the person reading your resume will want to know why you think you are good at those things. You can tell them all about it in a "Volunteer Experience" or "Relevant Volunteer and Academic Experience" subheading on your resume. If you led a church mission, wrangled a PTA into the black, or organized an event for a group in your area, these experiences can be of interest to a potential employer. They tell the interviewer that this person might not have work experience, but they do have a different experience that has yielded the same knowledge. If you were an athlete in school, you probably have relevant team experience that you could add to this section that shows you are a reliable team player and leader. Take this opportunity to show how those experiences gave you valuable lessons and skills you will carry into the workplace. As Stephanie's mother said, everyone has to start somewhere, and chances are high that you have more marketable experience than you realize. ## 3. Write a Killer Cover Letter Every job application should include a cover letter. Every single one. Even a job application for a position in the checkout line at the grocery store can include a cover letter. Why? Because it is the only introduction you might have to your future employer. "I wrote a cover letter to get a job at Claire's," says Kathi, a Coast Guard wife living in Tampa who moved to be with her husband and had no local job connections. "No job experience, no connections. It was brutal," she remembers. Kathi had worked seasonally at her local mall in high school, but because she was a varsity athlete, she did not have time to hold down a real job in addition to school. "I had a little experience, but my supervisors had all gotten new jobs and I didn't have their contact info," she says. "So I worked for a few weeks but had no references." Kathi was worried that would mean she would have no one to speak on her behalf, so she took the opportunity to speak for herself. "I thought cover letters would be for bigger jobs, but my boss said she gets cover letters all the time. She said that it's a good way to learn about someone." Most employers share Kathi's boss's approach. A cover letter is a reasonable expectation from any recent graduate or someone who lacks the professional history a stand-out resume might have. Your cover letter should be the thing that ties the skills and experience you do have (and have highlighted in your resume) with the needs and goals of the company, as well as the demands of the position you are specifically applying for. "Make sure you don't send the same one to every job," suggests Kathi. "Make sure it looks like you cared about this job so much you wrote one just for it." Better yet: Do write your cover letter specifically for every position. The personalization comes through and shows you take the position seriously. ## 4. Include a Clear Career Goal Many resumes include a career goal listed at the top or a bland summary of what a job seeker is looking for in a position. While these are not always a good idea, they are very important for a resume with no real work experience. Here, in approximately three clearly written, concise sentences, highlight the experience and skills you have that are most relevant for the job to which you are applying and tie them in with your long-term career plans. Doing so shows your prospective employer two important things: First, that you actually have the skills it takes to get the job done, and second, that you actually have a plan to put that job to use in the long run, demonstrating that the job will actually be as important to you as it is to the organization. "What if you're just getting a job because you need the money?" asks Kathi. That's a good question and an answer you will need to creatively construct in your professional summary/goal section. If your career goals do not align at all with the job you are looking at, you may want to rethink the position. But no matter what kind of job you are applying for, you will probably learn a lot on the job that will help you as you pursue your long-term goals. Focus your written goals on those skills you hope to master. Doing so will show the reader that you will get as much out of the job as you put into it, which makes you a good prospect for employment. ## 5. Don't Wait for Your References to Be Called Every time we suggest that you include written references with a resume or job application, someone cringes -- and in their defense, it is not typical job seeker behavior. But for military spouses constantly on the move, juggling the demands of military life, and in many cases starting their careers afresh at a new duty station, those references are absolutely critical. If you lack professional experience, you can play up extracurricular experience that your references can actually support. Instead of just saying yourself that you are a good leader, you prove that someone else thinks you are a good leader, too, by including letters of reference. But without a strong job history, who can you turn to for those references? Look to former academic advisers, teachers or club supervisors. If you have strong volunteer experience, ask the people in charge to write letters on your behalf that support the skills you claim to have. Each reference should be able to speak to a different skill set you have mastered or volunteer experience that lends itself to job readiness. While that seems easy enough in theory, these references can be difficult to ask for in real life. Be straightforward with people: The people you might ask to be references are people who also believe in you and your potential. Ask them to look over your resume and if they might be willing to write a letter of reference on your behalf speaking to something you specifically mention. Let them know that because of your shorter job history, you are hoping your resume can stand out with impeccable references already included. No matter how awkward you feel asking, your application will be stronger for it. Applying for work with little work history is never easy, but it does not have to feel impossible. With these five tips, you can make your resume stand out -- even if there are not many jobs listed on it.
  • When and How to List Volunteer Work on a Resume

    Have you been laid off due to the coronavirus? Are you getting ready to graduate from college and start the job search? Maybe you've decided that it's time to make a career change because you're no longer happy in your job working from home. No matter what your situation, if you are currently job seeking, you will need a tailored resume to help you land your next job. But sometimes it can be difficult to determine exactly what you should include in your resume and how to stand out from the crowd. For example, should you discuss past and current volunteer work on a resume? If so, how? Here are some tips and guidelines to help you determine if you should include your volunteer experience on your resume. ## Pros of Listing Volunteer Work Volunteer work can be a great addition to your resume. It can help showcase your soft skills, your interests and how qualified you are for a job position even if you don't have extensive work experience. This is especially helpful if you are a recent grad or making a career change. This is also important if you work in an industry where volunteer work is encouraged, such as health care, academia or nonprofits. If you have been laid off, including any volunteer work can show a hiring manager that you are staying active and using your time productively while job searching. ## How to List Volunteer Work on Resume When you consider putting volunteer work on your resume, first you want to determine what kind of volunteer work you have done. If asked to explain your volunteer work, would you be able to talk about it as if it had been a previous job position? Will it showcase skills that are relevant to the job position you are applying for? If your volunteer work is relevant to the job position, you may want to include it under the professional or work experience sections on your resume. Use the same formatting as your other work experience and highlight any measurable accomplishments, just as you would a regular job position. If your volunteer work isn't relevant to the job position but highlights your dedication to your community or shows what is important to you outside of work, you can include it on your resume under an additional information section or even consider adding a section exclusively for volunteer work. If you are a recent grad and don't have a lot of work experience, you may especially want to highlight volunteer work in your resume. You could list any internships, leadership positions in a student organization and mentoring programs where you served others. Again, try to measure accomplishments in those roles, not just the tasks you performed. If you are changing careers and don't have a lot of work experience that highlights your transferable skills, you can consider adding a volunteer work section near the top of the page. This will ensure that the hiring manager doesn't miss that section and understands that you are qualified for the position based on the volunteer work you have done. ## When You Shouldn't List Volunteer Work If you are a mid-career professional and already have a lot of relevant work experience, you can be more strategic with your resume. If your work experience already showcases your skills sufficiently and your other resume sections are robust, it may not be worthwhile to eliminate one of your other work experiences or accomplishments to include volunteer work. Also, consider how long ago you volunteered. If you haven't volunteered for many years, it may not be worthwhile to include it on your resume. ## Remember to Tailor Your Resume It's important to tailor your resume to each individual job position, so you shouldn't submit a standard resume to each job listing. You may find that it makes sense to include your volunteer work for one job position, but it doesn't make sense to include it for another. For example, some organizations may have a company culture of giving back to the community; you can highlight that you fit in with that culture by including your volunteer work. Keep a master copy of your resume with all of your work and volunteer work experience. Then, you can personalize it to each individual job posting.
  • How to List an Internship on a Resume

    In today’s competitive job market, a relevant internship can set you apart from other job applicants. This is especially true if you are a student or recent graduate with little work experience, or if you are changing careers. Don’t hide your internship experiences at the bottom of your resume. Instead, highlight your internship experiences, and detail how they have prepared you for the job you want. ## When to Include Internships on Your Resume You should include an internship on your resume when the internship is relevant to the job you are applying for. This is especially the case when you are a student or recent graduate with limited work experience. Internships provide you with critical experience in an industry, so be sure to include them to show your skills and abilities.1 You should also include internships when you are making a career change. While you might have many years of work experience, these jobs might not relate to your new career. Highlight any internships that have prepared you for a job in your new industry. ## When to Leave Out Internships You can begin to remove internships from your resume when you’ve developed enough work experience in your field. After about five or so years (or two or three jobs) in your industry, you can focus primarily on this work history rather than on your past internship experience. **Tip:** If you held a particularly prestigious internship in your field, you might keep it on your resume for a bit longer. For example, if you had an internship at Google or Facebook, or another important internship in your industry, keep it on your resume. ## Where to Put Internships **Work Experience Section:** Because internships provide important work experience, you should include your internships in the “Work Experience” or “Work History” section of your resume, along with other jobs you have held. **Internships Section:** If you have held multiple internships, you can include a separate “Internships” section on your resume. Put this section towards the top of your resume. Put your “Internships” section above your “Work History” section if your internships are particularly relevant to the job you are applying for. **Tip:** Whatever you do, don’t put your internships at the bottom of your resume or in the “Education” section. Internships are real-world experiences, and should be given as much weight as a job. ## How to Include Internships When you include an internship on your resume, include the same information as any other job: - Include the internship title. If possible, don’t just say “Intern” – ask your supervisor if you have a more detailed title, such as “Marketing Intern” or “Sales Associate Intern.” - Also include the company name, location, and the dates of the internship. You can list the dates by month and year, or by the season (such as “Summer 2018” or “Spring 2019”). - Underneath this information, include 2-4 bullet points that list your responsibilities and achievements during the internship. Focus on responsibilities that relate to the job you are applying for. For example, if you are applying for a writing job, mention how you wrote and published five articles during your internship. You don’t need to include your less relevant tasks, such as answering phones or photocopying. If you are having trouble deciding what responsibilities and achievements to include, start by making a long list of everything you did at each internship. Then look at the job listing for the position you’re applying for. Circle anything from your list that matches the skills or abilities required for the job. Highlight these particular experiences. Also ask your intern supervisor for advice on how to include your internship on your resume. He or she can help you highlight the most important skills and experiences for the industry, and can tell you what key terms from your industry to include. **Tip:** Make sure that you format your internships in a way that is consistent with the way you format your other work experience. Again, internships are just as important to your career as a job, so you should not format them differently. This is especially the case if you include internships under “Work History.” For example, if you bold your job titles, do the same for your internship titles.
  • How to List Soft Skills on a Resume: Best Skills and Examples

    Soft skills are highly valued even if you are less experienced with technical or hard skills. They include your abilities to relate to others and your employability, which is just as important as the ability to physically perform the work. Employers can train hard skills, but soft skills require personal development. These tips will help you understand soft skills, how you can develop them and how to list them on your resume. ## What are soft skills? Soft skills are the skills that enable you to fit in at a workplace. They include your personality, attitude, flexibility, motivation, and manners. Soft skills are so important that they are often the reason employers decide whether to keep or promote an employee. Soft skills are different from hard skills (also known as technical skills), which are directly relevant to the job to which you are applying. These are often more quantifiable, and easier to learn than soft skills. A hard skill for a carpenter, for example, might be the ability to operate a power saw or use framing squares. A soft skill would be the ability of the carpenter to communicate effectively with coworkers and clients. **Important:** Regardless of the job to which you're applying, you need at least some soft skills. In order to succeed at work, you must get along well with all the people with whom you interact, including managers, co-workers, clients, vendors, customers, and anyone else you communicate with while on the job. These are the types of skills all employers value. **Tip:** Employers want employees who are able to interact effectively with others. These skills are also very hard to teach, so employers want to know that job candidates already have the soft skills to be successful. ## How to list soft skills on your resume Listing soft skills on your resume can show that you work well with others. Here are some ways to include soft skills on your resume: **1. First, include some soft skills in your resume objective or summary** Your resume objective or summary introduces your professional achievements or ambitions. You can use it to include one or two of your soft skills. The skills you mention in this section should be the most aligned to the company’s objectives for the role. **2. Second, list soft skills on your resume directly within a ‘Skills’ section** If you have a separate section on your resume for listing relevant skills, include soft skills. For clarity, consider grouping technical or functional skills separate from soft skills. **3. Lastly, include soft skills on your resume within descriptions of your experience** You can also include soft skills in your experience section. For example, you may include ‘leadership’ in a bullet point about how you led and successfully completed a project. As another example, you may address communication in a bullet point about improving project performance by facilitating communication between different project teams. ## Examples of soft skills Here are some examples of soft skills: **Communication** Communication is the ability to express ideas in ways others can understand. It involves the ability to clearly communicate your own ideas as well as listening to and understanding the ideas of others. Communication includes verbal or nonverbal cues in either oral or written form and requires working with others to make sure everyone understands. **Leadership** Leadership is a combination of soft skills including effective communication, a positive attitude, empathy and collaboration. These skills allow you to motivate others and delegate tasks. Confidence in your abilities and decisions is also representative of strong leadership skills. Strong leadership skills establish you as a trusted colleague and build your credibility as a reliable teammate. **Resilience** Resilience is the ability to move past failure or disappointment with grace. By not dwelling on the past, you'll be more productive with future tasks. **Proactive** Being proactive means seeing potential problems before they arise and taking care of them. Employers appreciate this skill. **Time management** Time management is the ability to plan and prioritize your time. It includes accurately assessing how long tasks will take and planning tasks accordingly to make the most of your time and meet deadlines. **Teamwork** Teamwork is the ability to collaborate with others and work toward a common goal. Several soft skills improve your ability to work in teams including effective communication, empathy and respect. Teamwork involves contributing to the team effort, valuing others’ contributions and taking responsibility for your share of the workload. **Motivation** Motivation is the ability to commit to performing a task and following through with that commitment. It can be external or internal. The rewards and consequences you expect are considered external motivation. Internal motivation is the way work makes you feel. A sense of purpose or gratification from work is an example of internal motivation. Understanding and identifying your motivations help you commit to performing the tasks to achieve your goals. **Conflict resolution** Conflict resolution is the ability to work with others to overcome disagreements and achieve mutually beneficial outcomes. Different conflicts require different resolution strategies such as accommodation, compromise and collaboration. The ability to resolve conflicts at the lowest level shows that you can work well with others. Most jobs require managing your work and working with other people. Applicants with strong soft skills are effective communicators, team-oriented, highly motivated and accepting of feedback. While it is important to demonstrate the necessary technical or functional skills to perform a job, soft skills are just as important to successfully plan and prioritize work as well as work with others. **Critical Thinking** Considering a problem and analyzing it from all angles to make a good decision is critical for success in the workplace and is one of the great examples of soft skills' importance. ## How to improve soft skills Improving soft skills requires self-awareness, patience and practice. To improve these skills, start by developing an awareness of your skills and which ones you would like to improve. Here are some steps to consider when working to improve soft skills: **1. First, reflect on your skills** Every situation requires the use of soft skills, whether it is communicating with others or being on time for appointments. In each situation, reflect on the outcome and how your actions affected the outcome. Then, identify things you could have done differently to improve the situation. **2. Then, request feedback from someone you trust** Explain which skills you are working to improve to a trusted friend or colleague and ask them to provide constructive feedback about your soft skills. This allows you the opportunity to get an objective opinion about your skill and how you can improve. **3. Next, study soft skills** Research the soft skills you want to develop, then implement what you learn in your day-to-day routines to practice and strengthen the skill. Since soft skills are behavioral, you may need to practice different techniques to learn what works best for you. **4. Last, attend workshops or seminars** Workshops or seminars designed to improve soft skills provide the opportunity to learn about and practice these skills in a structured environment with immediate feedback. Workshops or seminars may include activities and role-play to provide the opportunity for attendees to build practical experience developing new skills.
  • How Many Pages Should a Resume Be? (One vs Two Pages)

    Can a resume be two pages? How many pages should a resume be? Resume length is common question ask by job hunters. There’s a lot of debate on the internet. The best answer for how long can a resume be in modern hiring is: It should be as short as possible and still convey your worth. For most job seekers, that means one page. That's true for anyone with less than 7–10 years of relevant experience. ## When to Use a One Page Resume A one-pager resume is a great goal to have when writing your resume as many hiring managers prefer it. With the employer spending no more than 6-seconds looking at your resume on average, it’s important to have a resume that speaks to quality, not quantity. Space is important on your resume, so you don’t want to cram all the information on to one page. Try using columns in your resume to make the most of the page. A one page resume is a relief for those who don’t have much work experience such as students and fresh grads as they typically have less to put on it. However, a single page can also work for those with a lengthy list of experience as it showcases their ability to be clear, direct and an effective communicator. You do not need to list every single job you have ever done, all the courses you’ve taken and every one of your weekend hobbies. Remember, your resume should be a snapshot of your best accomplishments to sell you to the employer. “If you have a long work history, know that most people don’t read what you did 10 years ago.” Dani Johnson (Author of Grooming the Next Generation for Success) adds, supporting the notion that a shorter resume can also apply for experienced workers. ## When to Use a Two Page Resume (or more) If the information on your resume is truly relevant and important for the employer to know, keep it on your resume…even if it exceeds one page. We repeat: focus on quality, not quantity! If you are maxing out your margin limit and scaling your font size to 4, you need to accept that you need a longer resume. Stefan Persson addresses this in his article, The One Page Resume Myth: “If you think that a one-page resume is important, you’re wrong. Dead wrong. The people who will look at your resume do not have a special pile for one-page resumes,” If you need to use more than one page, just remember to put the most relevant, compelling content on the first page of your resume and save things like hobbies and references, if you choose to include them, for the second page. As well, ensure your contact information is included on each page of your resume – if you need to save space on additional pages, put your contact info in the header or footer. ## How long should a resume be for college? How long should a resume be for a college student? If you solved Fermat's last theorem, created fusion in a lunchbox, and logicked the wings off a dragonfly, you'll need a 2 page resume or longer. The rest of us can use a single-page resume template. **Pro Tip:** What length of cover letter do you need? In most cases 2/3 of a page is perfect, though there are some pretty big exceptions. See our guide on cover letter length right here. ## How can you make your resume the right length? If you follow the resume length rules below, it won't matter whether you've got a 1-page resume, a 2-page resume, or longer. Why? Because your resume length will self-regulate like it's got a job-search thermostat. **Keep it Moving** To paraphrase JFK: ask not, "How long should a resume be?" but "How can you keep it interesting?" Don't get bogged down with long descriptions of responsibilities. Our HR statistics report shows managers skim resumes, often in less than 7 seconds. Be brief, and stick to achievements. **Keep it Relevant** Have I said this before? It must be true. Don't put anything in your resume that doesn't make this hiring manager say, "Wow." Build your resume with achievements that prove you've basically already nailed the job. Doing that will keep your resume short and engaging. **Condense, Condense, Condense** Don't repeat the same achievement over and over. Rather than saying you trained five employees in Lean Principles, two in Agile, and 15 in Six Sigma, say you trained 20+ employees in techniques like Lean, Agile, and Six Sigma. That uses up one bullet point. **Use Font, Spacing, and Margins, but Don't Go Overboard** Yes, you can make resume fonts smaller, fiddle with line spacing and margins. But don't torture your resume layout so much it looks like a black sheet of paper. Some extra resume length is okay vs threatening the hiring manager with a wall of words.
  • What it Really Means to "Tailor Your Resume"

    Applying for a job? You’ve probably heard the advice plenty of times to tailor your resume for the position. But, you might not know exactly how to put it in action. What does tailoring your resume actually involve? How many changes do you need to make? What content should you be focusing on? ## What does it mean to tailor your resume to the job description? For most job openings, a particular skill set is desired to perform specific tasks. Tailoring your resume is about recognizing those skills and responsibilities on the job description and making it obvious that you’re up to the task. Your goal is to draw the shortest line possible between your experience and what’s stated in the job description. A job description says, “These are the skills we need and the qualifications we’re looking for.” A generic resume says, “I have all this experience. I’ll leave it up to you to figure out whether I am capable of doing the job.” A tailored resume says, “Here is an easy-to-read roadmap of where I acquired and developed each of your required skills and qualifications.” ## How to tailor your resume to the job description? It might sound like a lot of work, but it’s really quite manageable. Here are a few ideas to get you started. **1. Actually Read and Try to Understand the Job You’re Applying For** First things first: Sit down with a highlighter and really read the job description. Go through and highlight the points that seem important (think the ones that are mentioned repeatedly or anything that’s slightly out of the ordinary) and the points that you could speak to with your experience and skills. This is always step one—after all, you can’t tailor your resume for a position if you don’t really know what the gig entails. **2. Make Your First Point Immediately Relevant** Next, with your newfound knowledge of what the hiring manager is looking for, take your resume, find the experience that would make him or her most excited about your application, and rework the document so that’s what’s at the top. Maybe it’s your current position, or maybe it’s some specialized certifications or the freelance work you do on the side. Whatever it is, make it the first section of your resume. And yes, even if it’s not the most recent. There’s no rule that says your first section must be “Work Experience.” Tailoring your resume means finding what is most relevant, creating a section for it, and filling it up with experience or qualifications that will catch a hiring manager’s eye. If that means nixing “Work Experience,” creating a “Marketing and Social Media Experience” section, then throwing everything else in an “Additional Experience” section, then so be it. **3. Revamp Your Bullets Even for Less Relevant Experiences** Now that your relevant experiences are at the top of your resume, that doesn’t mean you should ignore everything else. Nope, it just means you need to pull out the relevant bits of those experiences in your bullets. From the job description, you’ll likely find more than just the technical qualifications needed to complete the job. Strong communication skills, ability to work in a team, and other soft skills are probably listed as well. So, while your tutoring experience might not be directly related to the sales position you’re interested in, you can definitely still highlight some of the soft skills that both positions require. For some ideas on how to spin your bullets to emphasize certain soft skills, see this article. **4. Check to See if It’s Clear Why You Are Applying** Finally, your last quick assessment to make sure you’ve successfully tailored your resume is to see if someone else—like a friend or mentor—can explain why you’re interested in the position just based on reading your resume. If your friend can’t suss out why you’re applying or how you’re a good fit, then more tailoring is likely needed. Of course, sometimes there’s only so much you can do. If you’re making a big career change and you just don’t have the relevant experience, then no amount of tweaking bullets can spell that out. In this case—and only in this case, I might add—you may actually want to use an objective statement to properly explain your interest in the position. Here’s how to do it. Tailoring your resume isn’t the most exciting part of applying for a job, but it’s definitely one of the more important. After all, this is the document that decides what first impression you make. It might take a little extra work, but it’s worth it to be that much more memorable. ## How to tailor your resume for a career change? You’ll want to follow the same process of leading with keywords from the job description in your career change resume. Chances are, many skills from your previous career will be transferable to your new one. Just be sure to provide context and translate phrases to match the job description’s preferred terminology when needed. The summary section of your resume is going to be your best friend when seeking to change careers. This area of a resume is your opportunity to explain your expertise and how your existing skills will make you a great candidate for this new career.